Revand Chini, also known as Indian Rhubarb, is a potent medicinal herb used extensively in the Indian Unani system of medicine for treating several health anomalies. It is a flowering plant belonging to Polygonaceae that is a Buckwheat family and goes with the scientific name Rheum emodi. This medicinal herb is believed to have a wealth of healing properties including astringent, absorbent, mild laxatives that are effective in treating diarrhoea, anorexia, constipation, and bronchitis to mention a few.
Revand Chini Plant
The plant is distributed widely in the sub-alpine and the alpine Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikkim across India, Nepal, and Bhutan at an altitude of 4000m. The stem is hard, green with brownish streaks. The leaves are heart-shaped or roundish with a heart-shaped base, which is greenish-red in colour and basal leaves grow up to 60 cm wide. The floral blooms in late spring to summer are dark reddish-purple in hue, densely branched clusters, in an inflorescence up to 30 cm long. It bears purple-coloured fruits about 1-2 cm long. The rhizome is robust, brown in colour with thicker bark which is used widely for making several formulations.
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Synonyms Of Revand Chini
This medicinal plant is known by different names across the globe such as Rheum emodi wall in Latin and Hubarb de Parse in French and Indian Rhubard, Himalayan Rhubard in English. Other vernacular names include Dolu, Revand chini in Hindi, Revandachini, Revatchini in Sanskrit, Rewand chini in Urdu, Mulkarcvand chini, Revanchini Raevaachini in Marathi, Naatturaeval chini in Telugu, Revandchini in Bengali, Gujarati, Revalchini in Kannada, Atsu, Chotial, Chuchi, Pambash, Rewand chini in Punjabi, and Variyattu, Natturevandchini in Tamil.
Chemical Constituents Of Revand Chini
Revand Chini is attributed to contain several bioactive compounds such as emodin, emodin-3-monomethyl ether, chrysophanol, aloe-emodin, and rhein. These are found in the free states as quinone, anthrone or dianthroneglycosides. Phytochemical analysis indicates that Revand Chini contains vast amounts of cinnamic and rheinolic acids, volatile oil, starch, and calcium oxalate. Two key glycoside active principles, sennoside A and B, are present along with free anthraquinones, all of which are credited to offer several therapeutic benefits.
Uses Of Revand Chini
Revand Chini is known as Amlavetasa in Ayurveda, the roots of this herb are dried to make ayurvedic formulations. The pungent and bitter taste of root extracts pacifies the Vata and Kapha, but aggravates the Pitta dosha, The root powder is used to clean teeth, combat pimples, and acne and confer other healing incentives.
Revand Chand Ayurvedic Indications
The ancient system of Ayurvedic medicine mentioned this medicinal herb in several ayurvedic scriptures for different indications which include (Kapha -Vata Shamak) balances kapha and vata doshas in the system, (Pitvardhak) pacifies pitta dosha, (Deepana and Pachana) natural appetizers and digestive stimulant, (Anumolana) improves reproductive health, (Shvas har ) bolsters immunity, (Hridyottejak) treat heart ailments and (Pilahayakritroga) treats liver and spleen disorders.
Health Benefits of Revand Chini
Revand Chini is highly recommended for treating digestive problems like constipation, indigestion, and flatulence. Potent laxative,and purgative traits of this formulation aid in regularizing bowel movements and treating constipation. Further, the Deepan (appetising and digestive stimulating) and Mridu Rechan (mild laxative) nature of this herb helps improve the digestion process and cures all other gastrointestinal problems.
The root extract of this medicinal herb attributes antipyretic action, which is beneficial in easing fever. While the sour and pungent nature of Revand Chini offers respite from fever.
Revand is an effective herb for combatting acne breakouts and pigmentation. The topical application of its root powder blended with white chandan helps to fend off acne-causing bacteria, unclog pores, removes greasiness, and adds an instant glow to the skin.
Cures Worm Infestation
Worm infestation is common owing to the poor digestion process or weak digestive fire. The traditional Unani system of medicine vouches for Revand Chini for eliminating worms from the stomach and treating worm infestation. This herbal formulation helps to promote digestion and manages bowel movements due to its potent Deepan (appetizer) and Mridu Rechan (mild laxative) properties.
Topical application of its root's paste along with vinegar is valuable in fading away marks and healing skin woes like melasma. It is beneficial in easing anorexia and alcoholism. Also, root powder is helpful in managing respiratory problems such as asthma and bronchitis.
Revand Chini Dosage
Revand Chini herb is available in several forms such as Revand Chini powder, paste and capsules. Each form is used in the treatment of several diseases. The appropriate therapeutic dosage of Revand Chini may vary from person to person depending upon the age, effects on appetite, severity, and condition of the patient. It is recommended to consult an ayurvedic doctor or practitioner as he or she would evaluate the patient’s indications and prescribe an effective dose for a specific period.
Revand Chini has innumerable health benefits, however, consuming it in excess amounts can lead to digestive issues such as diarrhoea and abdominal cramps.
According to ayurvedic experts, Revand Chini in any form should be avoided by pregnant and breastfeeding women, as it is known to cause some adverse effects.
Revand Chini laden with a wealth of bioactive compound and healing therapeutic traits confer sure shot remedy for most health maladies. From treating constipation and worm infestation, stimulating the digestion process, combatting infection and healing skin woes, Revand chini works well for all. Take this root extract in the right dosage as advised by the ayurvedic practitioner for reaping its wellness incentives.