What is Ibuprofen used for?
Ibuprofen is used for the treatment of fever, inflammation and pain. It is also effective in treating headache, body pain, arthritis and menstrual cramps.
Ibuprofen may also be prescribed for other conditions as determined by the doctor.
How does Ibuprofen work?
Ibuprofen belongs to the class of drugs called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). This drug inhibits the action of prostaglandins, which are responsible for pain and inflammation. Thus, it helps in reducing the pain and inflammation.
How to use Ibuprofen?
The dosage and the drug form depend on the age, weight and medical condition of an individual. Take Ibuprofen as prescribed by your doctor.
Swallow the tablet whole. Do not crush or chew the tablet. In case of solution/syrup, take the prescribed dose as recommended by the doctor. You can take the drug with or without food. However, taking the drug with food prevents stomach upset.
If you miss a dose of Ibuprofen, please take it immediately once you remember. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, then skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for the missed dose.The overdose symptoms of Ibuprofen may include:
- Abdominal pain
- Acute renal failure
- Decreased heart rate
You must seek immediate medical care if you experience any of the above symptoms.
What are the drugs that interact with Ibuprofen?
Drugs that interact with Ibuprofen include the following:
This is not a comprehensive list of drug interactions. Consult your doctor to know more about other possible drug interactions.
What are the side effects of Ibuprofen?
The following are the most common side effects of Ibuprofen:
- Abdominal discomfort
- Abdominal pain
- Loss of appetite
- Decreased urination
- Pale skin
- Shortness of breath
- Weight gain
The following are the severe side effects and you may require immediate medical attention:
- Blood in stool or urine
- Blurry vision
- Difficulty in breathing
- Increased palpitations
- Peeling of the skin
- Severe diarrhoea
- Unusual bleeding and bruising
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Please consult your doctor to know more about other possible side effects.
What special precautions Ibuprofen?
- Do not exceed the dose more than what is prescribed.
- Avoid consumption of alcohol while taking Ibuprofen.
- Be cautious while taking Ibuprofen if you have any kidney or liver impairment.
- Shake the suspension well before taking each dose so as to ensure the uniform mixing of the drug.
- Use a measuring cup while taking each dose of syrup.
You are advised not to take Ibuprofen if
- it has passed the expiry date of the medicine printed on the pack.
- the foil or packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering or there is discolouration.
What should you tell your doctor before taking Ibuprofen?
- Tell your doctor if you have any history of chronic infections and liver or kidney disorders before using Ibuprofen medicine.
- Inform the doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
- Inform the doctor if you are taking any other drugs, OTC medications, herbal products or nutritional supplements.
Frequently Asked Questions about Ibuprofen
- I am on Ibuprofen for arthritis. Can I stop the drug if I feel better?
- Can I take Ibuprofen medicine on an empty stomach?
- Can I consume alcohol while taking Ibuprofen medicine?
- What are the other formulations of Ibuprofen available?
Discontinue use of Ibuprofen once you feel better. However, long-term use of the medicine is not recommended. Consult the doctor for further information.
Ibuprofen can be taken on an empty stomach or with food. However, taking Ibuprofen with food can prevent gastro-intestinal disturbances.
Avoid consuming alcohol while taking Ibuprofen medicine, as it increases the risk of gastro-intestinal bleeding.
Ibuprofen is available as tablet, capsule, syrup, liquid and injection.
The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Please seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Do not disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.