Fitness is a will more of a skill. As per the Oxford dictionary, fitness is defined as the state of being physically fit and healthy. Though we all aim for an hourglass physique and a super energetic body, it is easier said than done. To inculcate exercising habits and a rightful regime requires patience, time, a fixed schedule, and dire willpower do so. In these times, stress levels have taken a toll on our health, causing mild to severe health issues such as diabetes, blood pressure, fatigue so on and so forth which may not allow us to follow the exact fitness goals we have set for ourselves. Never mind, there is a lot that we can accomplish if we have the desire to look fit, fine, and fabulous.

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Woman exercising

What Are Primary Fitness Components?

There are certain fitness components that besides helping you stay active can also improve your brain health, help manage weight, reduce the risk of heart diseases, strengthen bones and muscles and improve cognitive functions. Here are some of the components that one must understand to know the basics of the body to help you set fitness goals:

Cardiorespiratory Endurance: Cardiorespiratory endurance, also known as cardio, is the body's ability to supply oxygen and energy for an extended period of physical activity.

Muscular Endurance: Muscular endurance is the ability of your muscles or group of muscles to continually exert force against resistance or a given movement.

Muscular Strength: Muscular strength is the highest amount of effort exerted by the muscles of the body to overcome the most resistance in a single effort.

Flexibility: This is a range of motion in a joint or group of joints, or the ability to move joints effectively through a complete range of motion.

Metabolic Fitness:  An essential part of overall health, metabolic health decides how your body reacts to food and exercise. A definition of metabolic fitness is proposed as the ratio between mitochondrial capacity (a membrane-bound cell organelle that generates most of the chemical energy needed to power the cell's biochemical reactions) and substrate utilization (it represents the contribution of fat and carbohydrates to energy expenditure during exercise.)

Coordination: Coordination is the ability of the human body to unify the work of various muscles when they are trying to execute an intentional action.

Agility: Agility is the capacity to change course, controlling the direction and position of one’s body while maintaining momentum.

Balance: Balance is defined as the body's ability to maintain its center of mass over the base of support.

Accuracy: The ability to control movement in each direction or at a given intensity can be defined as accuracy. It is often the ability to direct an object to a small target area.

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Though it is not easy to achieve every fitness component mentioned above as the body’s endurance, age, and ailments may impede these fitness goals, one can certainly try to achieve some of them by making certain changes in diet, lifestyle and in daily activities. Try some of the following mentioned below that may help you stay hale and hearty and achieve those long-cherished goals of being super energetic.

An Early Morning Brisk Walk

One of the easiest and most effective cardio workouts to keep the body active, brisk walking has many benefits. The key to getting a great workout with brisk walking is to maintain a free flow that gives your heart and lungs a great workout without putting too much pressure on them.

Switch To Stairs

While elevators may bring in a lot of comforts and can be used while climbing up, when going downstairs, if it comes easy on feet, try stairs and bid bye to elevators.

Give Dancing A Try

Dancing necessarily does not mean excessively draining yourself out. A slight body twist is good enough to get your muscles to do some movement.


Not only it brings down stress levels done, but meditation brings relaxation to the body through mindfulness or focusing.

Breathing Exercises

Breathing exercises and pranayama is a fantastic way to keep the healthy flow of air into and outside the body. This process helps to increase blood flow and strengthen the diaphragm.