UTI or urinary tract infections in children are mainly caused due to bacterial infections. UTI may occur in urinary bladder (cystitis) or the kidneys (pyelonephritis) or any other part of the urinary system.
Traces of infection occur mainly at the urethra and spreads to the urinary bladder and even to the kidney in severe cases.
Unhygienic conditions are the main reason for UTI in children. In very rare cases it has been seen that the infection spread from kidneys to the bloodstream and thereby causing sepsis of the organs.
It has also been seen that, most children who show symptoms of UTI are uncircumcised infants and children with severe constipation. However, UTIs are more common amongst the girls.
UTI does not always occur from external infection, but poor functioning of kidneys and bowel clearance can also lead to formation of UTI infections.
Signs And Symptoms
- Pain and burning sensation while urinating
- Foul odor of urine
- Urine is cloudy
- Very high urge to urinate or false urination sensation
- Nausea and vomiting
- Poor appetite
Diagnosis And Treatment
UTI is diagnosed easily with the help of blood and urine tests, urine culture, and ultrasounds. Antibiotics are usually recommended. Adequate hydration, personal cleanliness and hygiene play a very important role in preventing UTI in children.