Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is caused due to microbial infections, particularly by the Staphylococcus aureus strain, but sometimes is also triggered due to streptococcus bacteria. Also Read: Stye: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment
Initially, the , majority of instances of TSS were reported in young women due to the use of superabsorbent tampons. Presently, although these products are no longer sold and the occurrence of TSS is rare, it still affects not only menstruating women, but also children, men and postmenopausal women.
The risk factors associated with this infectious disease are being affected by a deep cut, gash or burn in exposed skin tissue, having undergone surgery, utilizing contraceptive diaphragms, or just having recovered from a severe bout of viral fever. Also Read: Noro Virus Infection: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment
It is always advised to not to reveal any region in the skin to harsh external environments, as there is a high chance of coming in contact with the Staphylococcus bacteria. Also, if left unattended, TSS can cause grave consequences, such as serious shocks, kidney complications and even prove to be fatal, if it spreads across all organs in the body.
Hence, it is recommended to seek prompt medical care, when a person notices any signs of toxic shock syndrome, to ensure proper treatment is given, for complete recovery.
The typical symptoms of Toxic Shock Syndrome include:
- Sudden fever, with high body temperatures
- Drop in blood pressure levels, also called hypotension
- Nausea and vomiting
- Pain in muscles and joints
- Skin rashes
- Redness in eyes, mouth and throat
Diagnosis And Treatment:
Currently, a specific test to detect for the presence of TSS does not exist. The doctor will collect samples of blood, urine and vaginal or cervical tissue, to scan for the presence of Staphylococcus bacteria.
In case the patient is experiencing severe symptoms, the healthcare provider will also perform imaging analysis like CT scans and chest X-rays, to examine the entire scope of damage caused due to infection.
The medical professional will strongly suggest that the patient affected by TSS be admitted in the hospital, to guarantee that proper and timely medication can be delivered.
Prescription antibiotics will be given to the affected individual, along with medication to bring back the low blood pressure to normal levels. In case the patient is dehydrated, then fluids will be provided, to replenish the water and electrolyte imbalance in the body.
In very rare situations of extremely severe TSS, surgical procedures are carried out to remove the infected tissue from the system.