Sleep disorder amongst teenagers is a common problem in the changing social and cultural environment. This disorder is associated with poor sleeping periods and the inability to have sound sleep. It is estimated that over 50% of the children globally face sleep disorders. An average child between the age of 12 and 18 years must have at least 8 hours of sleep every day.
Some Of The Common Sleep Disorders Amongst Teenagers Are
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Delayed sleep phase disorder
- Restless legs syndrome
- Sleep terrors
- REM sleep behavior disorder
Causes Of Sleep Disorder
The causes of sleep disorders amongst the teenagers are caused by improper sleeping phases, mental stress, peer pressures, medications, anxiety or depression, drug abuse, use of smartphones and personal computers, using texting apps, and poor eating habits. These factors mainly cause delayed sleep phase disorder and insomnia.
However, sleep disorders like obstructive sleep apnea are caused by partial blockage of the throat leading to intense snoring. Condition like restless legs syndrome and REM sleep behavior disorder is hereditary. Abnormalities of the brain lead to narcolepsy, sleepwalking, and sleep, terrors, stress, depression and psychological problems also lead to parasomnias.
Diagnosis And Treatment
However, these conditions can be diagnosed by polysomnography, MRI, CT scans, and adenotonsillectomy. Treatment varies on the basis of the condition. Usually, doctors prescribe sleep medications, psychiatric consultations, change in lifestyle and dietary changes. Meditation and physical therapy also help with sleep disorders.