Pre-Diabetes, otherwise called borderline diabetes refers to a metabolic condition which could eventually result in type 2 diabetes.

Pre-diabetic stage refers to a deficiency in insulin secretion by the human body for metabolic processes like digestion of food. In pre-diabetics, blood glucose levels are usually high but not very high, to be diagnosed under type 2 diabetes.

The condition also addresses predisposition to heart diseases like heart attack and stroke.

Risk Factors:

  • Overweight
  • Large Waist Size
  • Unhealthy Eating Habits
  • Physical Inactivity
  • Familial Predisposition
  • Gestational Diabetes
  • Sleep Disorders
  • Polycystic ovarian disease.

The most severe consequence of pre-diabetes is a progression that could lead to Type-2 diabetes. Metabolic imbalances corroborated to pre-diabetes include high blood pressure, low levels of good cholesterol (High-Density Lipo Protein) and high levels of triglycerides.

Pre-diabetes can lead to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, kidney disorders, blindness and amputation of the lower limb.

Prevention

Prevention strategies to combat pre-diabetes comprise eating a well-balanced and healthy diet, physical exercise, control of body weight and maintaining normal levels of blood pressure and cholesterol level. With regular physical activity, it is easy to prevent pre-diabetes.  

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