Microdermabrasion is a minimally invasive cosmetic procedure where the top layer of the skin is removed with help of a hand-held device. This procedure aids to exfoliate the skin, minimise signs of ageing and restore overall skin tone and texture. It is performed by a dermatologist and is considered safe for all types of skin. The procedure uses a special device with a rough surface to mildly silt away the thick outer layer of the skin to revive it. Alternatively, the microdermabrasion technique also uses fine molecules of aluminium oxide or sodium bicarbonate sprays with a vacuum to carry out the same instead of a rough surface.

This procedure is usually done if a person has the following skin issues which include:


Fine lines


Age spots, dark and brown spots



Acne and acne scars

Stretch marks

Dull skin

Uneven skin tone


Sun damage

Also Read: Melasma: Types, Symptoms, Causes And Treatment

What Is Microdermabrasion Procedure?

It is a non-invasive cosmetic technique, where the dermatologist sprays or smears fine crystal onto the facial skin with a pointer that gently exfoliates the skin surface and removes the top layer. The main purpose of this procedure is to make the skin look youthful and blemish-free. It is a painless process and takes about 30-40 minutes for the face and 20 minutes for the neck region. After the procedure, there may a mild swelling or sunburn-like symptoms for a few days. It requires at least 5 to 16 sessions for a person to see positive results. The procedure may be done weekly, every two weeks or monthly, depending on the skin type and cause for treatment. Most people prefer this treatment to rejuvenate the complexion of the facial and neck region, but dermatologists may perform the procedure on any region of the skin. The results are not permanent.

How To Prepare For Procedure?

As the procedure is non-surgical it needs very little preparation. Discuss with your dermatologist regarding your skin concerns and about any past cosmetic surgeries done, as well as allergies or other comorbid conditions. The patient may be informed to avoid sun exposure, tanning creams, and waxing for about a week before treatment and avoid using exfoliating creams and masks three days prior to the procedure. Remove all makeup and cleanse your face well before the procedure begins.

Different types of devices used for the procedure include:

Diamond-Tip Handpiece

A diamond-tip handpiece is made to mildly exfoliate dead skin cells in the skin and eventually will draw them off instantly. Usually, the depth of the rough surface may be affected by the pressure applied on the handpiece as well a how long the suction is permitted to stay on the skin. This type of device is more commonly used for sensitive facial regions like close to the eyes.

Crystal Microdermabrasion

It uses a crystal-emitting handpiece to gently spray on the fine crystal to clear away outer layers of the skin, where dead skin cells are drawn off right away. Aluminium oxide and sodium bicarbonate crystals are used.


This is the latest method that involves combining simultaneous dermal infusion of products and crystal-free exfoliation. The process stimulates collagen production and improves the blood flow to the skin.

What to Expect?

The individual can resume daily activities immediately post-treatment. It is essential to keep skin well hydrated and use mild skin care products after the procedure and refrain from using topical acne medications for at least one day. Furthermore, it is vital to safeguard the skin with sunscreen, as the skin can become more sensitive to the UV rays in the few weeks after the procedure. A person can see noticeable results immediately post-procedure.

Side Effects Of Microdermabrasion

Mild tenderness, swelling, and redness are some of the side effects commonly observed in microdermabrasion. These usually settle away a few hours post-treatment. Additionally, a person may also be advised to avoid using moisturizer to reduce dry and flaky skin. At times minor bruising may develop due to the suction process.