Calcific bursitis is the inflammation of bursa, a synovial fluid-filled pouch present around joints that reduces friction between bones during movement. Bursa is mainly present in the shoulder and hip joints. Calcific bursitis is caused due to deposition of calcium in the joints.
Calcific bursitis does not have any specific cause but the individuals with a history of gout, diabetes, calcific tendinitis and rheumatoid arthritis are at the risk of developing this condition. Frequent joint injuries and/or bacterial infection lead to accumulation of fluid and inflammation of bursa. The untreated bursitis builds up deposits of calcium in the soft tissues.
The calcium deposits become harder with time and cause severe pain during the movement of affected joints, leading to permanent loss of movement. Calcium bursitis causes regular wear and tear of joint tissues and osteoarthritis.
The first sign of calcific bursitis is inflammation of the joints.
- Stiffness of the affected joint
- Persistent joint pain
- Lack of movement
Diagnosis And Treatment
Calcific bursa can be diagnosed based on physical examination and history. An X-ray and MRI scan of the inflamed bursa is also done to diagnose calcific bursa.
Treatment of calcific bursitis includes using anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce inflammation along with cortisone injections. Once inflammation is subsided, physiotherapy is recommended to restore the lost range of motion. In severe cases, surgical removal of bursa and calcium deposits is recommended.