Pathimugam or Sappan wood is a medicinal plant that has been valued for ages for its indispensable medicinal purposes. It is also known as East Indian Rosewood, a native tree to Kerala, the bark of this healing tree is boiled with water and transformed regular water into a medicated infusion brimming with umpteen health benefits. It is a species of flowering plant in the legume family Fabaceae that goes with the botanical name Caesalpinia Sappan and is found all over Southeast Asia. Its dried hardwood has been used as a traditional element to render colour to foods and beverages and as a home, remedy to heal several health anomalies.
Brazilin is the chief active compound present in pathimugam heartwood that gives the natural red pigment. It is known as Sappan wood in English, Chappangam in Malayalam, Patunga in Hindi, Sappanga in Kannada, Pathang in Marathi and Pathimugam in Tamil. According to the holistic system of Ayurveda, the water is a bounty of essential nutrients that supports flushing toxins from the system, enhancing gut health and optimising overall well-being. It is famed for its natural ability to cool the body during sweltering summers.
How To Make Pathimugam Water?
Boil 2 litres of water in a pan.
Add ½ teaspoon of pathimugam.
Boil for a few minutes until the colour of the water changes to pink.
Then switch off the flame and close the pan with a lid.
Strain the water to remove the wood pieces and serve warm.
Health Benefitting Properties of Pathimugam
The active compound brazilin in pathimugam is credited to possess antimicrobial action and it is potent in fighting against bacteria like Streptococcus mutans, the most severe cariogenic bacteria that cause dental decay.
This medicinal bark extract is imbued with vast reserves of antioxidants that are great to combat oxidative stress. Aside from this, Protosappanin A, a bioactive compound in pathimugam extract remarkably hinders oxidative and nitrative stress which are contributing factors for neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease.
Strong gastroprotective actions of pathimugam water have been used as a traditional remedy for treating ulcers. Even studies have disclosed that powerful antiulcer traits of pathimugam water are beneficial for curing irritable bowel syndrome or ulcers when taken regularly.
The key compound Brazilin in pathimugam has been shown to possess antiplatelet properties that avert blood clots from forming and improving the blood circulation in the body.
The presence of the DSC compound in pathimugam is known to suppress the formation of tumour cells and lowers the risk of certain types of cancer including colorectal, colon and oesophageal cancers.
Try this refreshing drink instead of regular water for reaping its incredible health benefits. Foray this infographic for more details.