- Lab Tests
- Health Corner
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterised by recurrent and unpredictable seizures or convulsions. The seizures occur due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain, which can cause a wide range of symptoms depending on the affected areas of the brain. Seizures can last from a few seconds to several minutes and can be triggered by various factors, including stress, lack of sleep, flashing lights, or certain medications. Treatment for epilepsy typically involves antiepileptic drugs and lifestyle modifications. While epilepsy cannot be cured, proper management can significantly reduce the frequency and severity of seizures.
Epilepsy includes the following types:
Epilepsy can be managed with the use of epilepsy medicines, also known as antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Medicines like phenytoin, carbamazepine, valproic acid, levetiracetam works by regulating the activity of brain cells and slowing down abnormal electrical activity that triggers seizures. Epilepsy tablets are preferred in adults while epilepsy syrups are prescribed for children. The choice of medication and dosage depends on various factors such as the type of epilepsy, age, overall health, and other medications being taken. It is important to follow the doctor's instructions carefully when taking epilepsy medication to ensure the best possible control of seizures and minimise the risk of side effects.