Typhoid is a bacterial infection caused by Salmonella typhi which is characterized by high fever. It is a contagious infection, transmitted to human beings via contaminated food and water and where the sanitation is very poor. The Salmonella typhi bacteria thrive in humans and it is let out through the feces and urine of the infected person. Typhoid fever spreads when a normal person consumes food or water contaminated by the feces of an infected person. Children and individuals with a compromised immune system are more prone to be infected with typhoid fever. Also Read: Typhoid: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment
Typhoid fever can develop abruptly or gradually over a few weeks and it is presented with symptoms including high fever, body pain, headaches, diarrhea, tiredness, chills, constipation and enlargement of spleen and liver. Severe gastrointestinal issues are quite common and patients may also complain of poor appetite and nausea.
Diet plays a major role in improving the treatment plan and should be carefully planned and monitored. It is essential for an individual suffering from this condition to have small frequent meals to sustain energy and stamina. The dietary principles of typhoid fever is high calorie, soft bland diet that is light on the tummy and loaded with immune-boosting foods which help to strengthen the immune system. Prefer foods that are easily digestible and ones that help to replenish the nutrient needs.
Dietary Recommendation During Typhoid Fever
A high-calorie diet is suggested for typhoid fever to provide the patients with needed energy and also avert weight loss as a result of poor appetite and fever. Some of the food sources abundant in calories include bread, rice, cereals, boiled potatoes and starchy vegetables and bananas.
Food Dense In Carbohydrates
It is vital to have high carbohydrate foods that are light, soft and bland and easy to digest for patients down with typhoid fever. Include cereal porridge, boiled rice, poached eggs, and steamed foods like idly, idiyappam and apple sauces to boosts up your strength.
Dairy products like skim milk, curd and yogurt help to meet the demands of protein and also speed the recovery process and support the immune system. Skim milk products and eggs are preferred source of protein than red meat. Vegetarians can include boiled legumes and paneer that are good sources of protein. Also
Soothing foods like soups and broth are beneficial in combating fatigue and boosting energy. Some of the options of comforting foods are clear vegetable soup, carrot soup, clear dal soup and clear chicken soup.
Adequate hydration is essential to maintain the fluid balance and prevent dehydration caused due to diarrhea and fever. It is essential to supplement the body with enough fluids and drink plenty of water, include tender coconut water, fresh fruit juices, buttermilk and also have fruits with high water content. Drink water which is boiled and filtered well. Also Read: The Importance Of Drinking Water
Foods To Avoid
Restrict foods that are high in fibre content, as these foods can upset the digestive system. It is best to avoid vegetables like cabbage, cauliflower and bell peppers as they can result in bloating and flatulence.
- Spicy foods, deep-fried foods and processed foods are to be avoided to keep infection at bay.
- Ghee, butter, rich creamy desserts and sweets are to be avoided
Preventive Measures To Be Followed
- Cook food thoroughly, avoid fast foods, foods from street vendors and food stored at room temperature.
- Avoid eating raw and unpeeled vegetables and fruits and always wash the fruits and vegetables before you eat.
- Drink boiled and filtered water.
- Wash hand thoroughly with soap and water before cooking, having food, before and after using the toilets.
- If the symptoms worse and fever continues then seek immediate medical advice.