Pelvic Inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs such as uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. It is a sexually transmitted disorder and mainly caused by bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
Females with untreated sexually transmitted infections or any other infections of reproductive organs are more like to develop Pelvic Inflammatory disease. Sexual activeness, episodes of miscarriage, uses of intrauterine devices - contraceptive and appendix increase the risk of developing pelvic Inflammatory disease. Pelvic Inflammatory disease poses a risk of ectopic pregnancy, infertility, persistent pain in the pelvic region.
In general, the affected females experience no symptoms. However, the severity of the infection could lead to the following symptoms:
- Back pain
- Soreness in the pelvic region
- Pain in the abdominal region
- Fever and fatigue
- Pain or bleeding during intercourse
- Pain in reproductive organs
- Vaginal discharge with bad odour
Diagnosis And Treatment
The doctor may suggest certain blood and urine tests to confirm the nature of bacteria and also recommend ultrasound and laproscopy procedure.
Pelvic Inflammatory disease is treated with the help of antibiotics to eradicate the bacterial infection. Pregnant women with pelvic inflammatory disease are recommended to get hospitalized. In severe cases of scarring, surgical treatments are recommended which include surgical removal of the affected part such as fallopian tubes.
Preventive measures are better strategies for pelvic Inflammatory disease and include practices of safe sex and avoiding multiple sexual partners. Regular screening for sexually transmitted infections help in early diagnosis of infection, if any.