Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled pockets present in the ovary of female reproductive system. Cyst-like structures called follicles or ovarian cyst are formed every month. Many women develop ovarian cysts at some time of their reproductive phase of life.
Most of the ovarian cysts form as a result of the women’s menstrual cycle called functional cysts. However, they are not life-threatening in nature.
Most the ovarian cysts that form do not cause any symptoms and get resolved on their own. Nevertheless, the ruptured ovarian cysts cause serious symptoms.
- Pelvic pain
- Painful menstruation
- Difficulty during sexual intercourse
- Breast tenderness
- Fullness or heaviness in abdomen
- Frequency and difficulty emptying of the bladder
- Dull ache or pain in the lower back of abdomen
Diagnosis And Treatment
Diagnosis of cyst on the ovary can be observed during a pelvic examination. Based on the size and whether the cyst has fluid, or it is solid or a combination of both, doctors may recommend tests to determine its type and further requirements for the treatment. Tests such as pregnancy test, pelvic ultrasound, laparoscopy, and CA 125 blood test may be suggested based on the condition.
Treatment depends on various factors like age, the type and size of the cyst, and developing symptoms.
Doctors may suggest a person to be wait watchfully, after a course of medication to see if the size of cyst has reduced and then decide if surgery is required.