Mangosteen or purple mangosteen is the common name of a luscious fruit, which is scientifically termed Garcinia mangostana. In the vernacular languages, it is called “Mangustaan” in Hindi, “Ivarumamidi” in Telugu, and “Kaattampi” in Malayalam.
It is grown widely in the tropical regions of Southeast Asian nations namely Thailand, Malaysia, Philippines and India. It is a seasonal fruit, harvested and consumed extensively in the hot summer months.
The hard, outer shell of this exotic fruit is deep purple in colour and can be opened easily, showcasing the inner white edible flesh with small almond-shaped seeds. The seeds however, are extremely bitter and hence inedible.
Mangosteen is renowned across the globe for its bright and attractive appearance, pleasant fragrance, sweet and delicious flavour and most importantly, for its high nutrient content.
It is inherently low in calories, aiding in weight loss regimes and provides natural sugars that can be easily absorbed and supply instant energy. Fibers in this obscure fruit aid in digestion while the noteworthy amounts of B vitamins elevate metabolism. In addition, mangosteen is plentiful in vitamin C, which aids in speeding up wound healing, as well as strong antioxidants, which prevent injury to body cells.
The unique properties of mangosteen have made it a preferred summer fruit for many, to reap its amazing advantages for physical and mental well-being.
Significant Merits Of Mangosteen For Overall Well-Being
Promotes Heart Health
Mangosteen ensures proper blood flow to all organs of the body, particularly to the heart, by dilating blood vessels. This hypotensive quality of mangosteen is very valuable in remedying high blood pressure symptoms such as an intense high bp headache, stress and palpitations. It also controls the levels of triglycerides, regulates heart rate and aids in maintaining normal blood pressure. It is hence highly effective in preventing severe cardiac ailments such as chest pain, heart congestion and atherosclerosis.
Boosts Immune Function
Being abundant in vitamin C, mangosteen offers protective antioxidant properties and builds an efficient immune system. Antioxidants eliminate harmful free radicals from destroying the healthy cells in the body, while the proteins called antibodies defend the system against viruses which cause diseases such as pneumonia, flu and common cold.
Relieves Body Pain
Mangosteen possesses vast amounts of xanthones, a naturally occurring group of plant compounds which are potent anti-inflammatory molecules. Xanthones function in reducing the pressure in stressed out regions of the human system. This vital trait in mangosteen makes it a remarkable remedy for relieving unbearable body pain due to arthritis, sciatica and menstrual cramps.
Enhances Brain Activity
Packed with flavonoids (powerful antioxidants) and folate (vitamin B9), mangosteen assists in the smooth transmission of signals via nerves leading to the brain. Moreover, it prevents the accumulation of plaques in brain cells and also improves memory. It is hence very useful in augmenting cognitive capabilities in neurodegenerative conditions like Alzheimer’s disease.
Slows Down Ageing
Mangosteen is a powerhouse of an antioxidant called catechin, which is also present in green tea. This molecule protects healthy cells in the skin from deterioration and promotes the flow of blood and nutrients to the skin cells. Mangosteen also combats bacterial skin infections, thereby guaranteeing a youthful, radiant and flawless look.
Lowers Blood Sugar Levels
Mangosteen not only offers a delightful taste but also supplies profuse amounts of dietary fibers and xanthones - powerful phytonutrients with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Soluble and insoluble fibers help regulate appetite, control untimely cravings, promote digestion, augment energy metabolism. Besides, xanthones in mangosteen eliminate detrimental free radicals, toxins from the body and elevate insulin synthesis, functions for better processing of blood glucose to be assimilated by the muscle cells. This helps to keep blood sugar levels in check and effectively manage diabetes symptoms.
Nourishes Skin Tissues
Blessed with ample quantities of vitamin C, B vitamins, as well as xanthone, flavonoid and catechin antioxidants, mangosteen confers superb incentives for rejuvenating skin texture. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that scavenges free radicals from the body and blocks them from oxidising healthy skin cells and B vitamins, particularly folate, boost blood circulation for the renewal of a new layer of skin tissues. Xanthones and flavonoids lower inflammation and heal acne, scars, shield skin from harmful UV rays of the sun, while catechins deliver excellent anti-ageing benefits by minimising wrinkles, sagging, fine lines for youthful, bright, clear skin.
Prevents Incidence Of Cancer
Mangosteen is bestowed with a plethora of bioactive components derived from plants – phytonutrients, which possess great anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-cancer attributes. Compounds including polyphenols, xanthones, tannins, procyanidins, anthocyanins display tremendous potential in destroying tumour cells and halting the metastasis of cancer cells within the body. Moreover, they considerably suppress the formation of malignant tissues in numerous key vital internal organs such as the breasts, lungs, liver, kidneys, stomach, intestines and pancreas, so as to avert the risk of cancer.
Consume only the fresh fruit, when in season and avoid if the mangosteen stock in your local store looks old, dry and blotched.
Mangosteen causes allergies in some people and hence it is advised for you to steer clear of this fruit, in case you are prone to hypersensitivity.
Mangosteen is generally not recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Always consult your doctor before consuming the fruit.