Tachycardia is a heart condition in which the resting heat beats in both upper and lower chambers of the heart appear faster than normal.
This condition can interrupt the normal functioning of the heart and cause serious issues like heart failure, stroke, and cardiac arrest. In some cases, it may not show any signs and symptoms.
The signs and symptoms of tachycardia may include shortness of breath, loss of consciousness, dizziness, heart palpitations, chest pains and syncope.
Tachycardia can be induced by anything disrupting the normal heart functions. It is mainly caused due to damaged heart tissue, congenital heart diseases, anaemia, exercise, sudden stress, elevated or declined blood pressure, smoking and alcoholism, high fever, side effects of medicines and/or drug abuse, electrolyte imbalance, and hyperthyroidism, old age and family history.
The treatment options vary depending on the level of complication and primary cause of the condition. Treatment methods may include slowing fast heartbeats through nerve regulators (vagal manoeuvrers), medications, electric shocks (cardioversion) and others.
In some cases, the condition is treated through surgical methods. A change in diet and lifestyle, eating healthy food, controlling stress, and monitoring the signs and symptoms regularly can prevent the risk of developing tachycardia.