Coriander, popularly known as Dhania is an aromatic spice that is extensively found and stocked up in almost all kitchen cabinets throughout the globe. Be it in the form of small round seeds, fresh leaves, or the grounded powder, this traditional herb has found its way in several Indian cuisines, pickles, vegetable curries, or as spice mixes used for tadka in sambar or dal. Although its unique taste enhances the flavour of several cuisines, little did we know that these tiny seeds of wonder, offer a plethora of health benefits and increase the nutritional value of the food.
Coriander, which goes by the botanical name Coriandrum sativum, is a flowering plant that belongs to the Parsley family and is native to Southern Europe, North Africa and West Asia. The leaves of the plant are known by different names such as cilantro leaves or Chinese parsley. While the fresh leaves are used for garnishing or added directly to curries, the small round yellowish-brown seeds are either used as whole or grounded into powder for cooking. The unique lemony citrus flavour of the seed powder comes from the essential oils that are present in the hollow cavities of the plump brown seeds.
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The holistic science of Ayurveda preaches the use of coriander seeds or seed powder to cure stomach related ailments like constipation, indigestion, abdominal pain etc. Ayurvedic scriptures of Charaka Samhita categorizes coriander as a Trushnaprashamana (that which relieves excessive thirst) and Sheetaprashmana (that which relieves excessive cold) herb. Regular use of this super seed powder by infusing it in lukewarm water can even provide relief from abdominal cramps during menstrual flow.
Effect On Doshas
These tiny seed powders showcase Tikta (i.e. bitter) and Kashaya (i.e. astringent) Rasa. It shows Laghu (i.e. light) and Snigdha (i.e. oily) Guna, Ushna Virya (i.e. hot potency) and has a Madhura Vipaka (sweet metabolic taste). The host of active constituents present in the powder effectively balances all three doshas i.e. Vata (air), Pitta (digestion) and Kapha (earth and water). It also actively removes the AMA toxins from the body.
Enriched with the goodness of essential vitamins like vitamin A, C and K, minerals like manganese, iron, folate and potassium, a myriad of antioxidants and volatile oils like linalool, geraniol, a-pinene, camphene and terpene, coriander powder holds high significance in treating a host of ailments including arthritis, pain, inflammation, headaches, allergy, anaemia, hyperglycaemia, heart problems, skin conditions and even cancer.
Homemade Coriander Powder
Although owing to the fast-paced lifestyle, most people tend to buy all the powdered spices right from the stores, there are still many of us who would prefer the age-old technique of grinding the seeds to get fresh powder right at home. Be it cumin, coriander, chilli, ginger or dried mangoes, most food enthusiasts have the fetish of making everything from scratch before preparing a dish. Unlike store-bought ones, homemade spice powders have a longer shelf life and are free of any adulterations in the form of preservatives or other additives. And moreover, they help bring out an enticing aroma and flavour of the food when added in the right quantity.
So, what are you waiting for, let's put on our chef hats and prepare coriander powder right at home.
How To Make Coriander Powder At Home?
2-3 cups of dhania seeds (sabut dhania)
Pour the dhania seeds on a plate.
Pick it to remove stones or unwanted particles.
Pour the seeds on a frying pan.
Dry roast them till the seeds turn slightly brown and crisp and give out a nice spicy fragrance.
Use the grinder to make a fine powder of the seeds.
Store the powder in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.
Include this green sprig or seed powder to your daily diet, to uplift your health and enjoy the excellent health benefits, cilantro has to offer:
Health Benefits Of Coriander Powder
Manages Blood Sugar
The hypoglycaemic property of coriander powder plays a crucial role in reducing the blood sugar level of the body. Presence of volatile oils and essential nutrients strongly inhibits the release of sugar into the blood and increases the insulin levels in the body. Thus, it converts starch into energy and reduces the symptoms of diabetes such as frequent urination, fatigue, sudden hunger pangs, etc. Also Read: 5 Simple Ways To Manage Diabetes In Summer
The abundance of anti-bacterial, anti-septic, and antimicrobial properties, make cilantro the healthiest choice among vegetables to shield the body from various infections. Enriched with essential nutrients like Vitamin A, C, folic acid, and beta-carotene, regular consumption of coriander powder helps ward off infections like common cough, cold and flu symptoms.
Aids In Digestion
The abundance of fibre in coriander seed powder makes it a natural digestive having hot potency. The grounded seed powder of cilantro or coriander boosts digestion relieves from various gastrointestinal anomalies like constipation, flatulence, abdominal pain, diarrhoea, dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome and also improves liver function. When used with other spice options or simply sprinkled onto everyday foods, it is highly effective in removing harmful AMA toxins from the body, all the while improving absorption of nutrients, promoting digestion and assimilation of the consumed food. Also Read: Irritable Bowel Syndrome: 5 Incredible Ayurvedic Herbs To Relieve IBS
Promotes Heart Health
Being a powerhouse of antioxidants, coriander powder holds high significance in promoting heart functions and reducing the risk of heart ailments. The presence of anti-coagulant and anti-fibrinolytic properties prevents blockage and formation of clots in the arteries causing heart block. Being a natural diuretic, it helps flush out sodium from the body and thus reduce elevated blood pressure readings.
The rich source of flavonoids in the seed powder reduces the formation of debris within the arteries and blood vessels, thus preventing atherosclerosis (i.e. hardening of blood vessels). Regular intake of the seed powder in food also reduces the bad cholesterol (i.e. low-density lipoproteins) and effectively increases good cholesterol (i.e. high-density lipoproteins).
Augments Hair And Skin
The potent antibacterial and antioxidative nature of this aromatic seed powder promotes overall skin and hair health and is strongly advised for various skin infections like acne, pimples, rashes, boils etc. It is also useful in treating scalp infections like dandruff, itching and hair fall. Thanks to the goodness of essential vitamins, the spice, when taken in regular diet, bestows a glowing complexion by preventing the various signs of ageing and prevents premature greying of hair and promotes new hair growth.
Application of coriander powder paste on the affected area can speed up wound healing and cure acne and pimples and also prevent further breakouts.
Coriander powder is one such aromatic humble spice that has innumerable benefits. Although most of us use it in culinary and seasoning purposes, it has magnitude health benefits. Thanks to the goodness of the essential bio-active ingredients it is widely used for improving heart health, aiding in digestion, managing diabetes and cholesterol, preventing infections, stopping hair fall and many more. Include this incredible seed powder to your diet to enjoy its diverse health benefits.