Cerebral Palsy is a disorder of the human bodily development, movement, and posture that occur in the developing brain of fetus or infants. Cerebral Palsy is associated with disturbances of cognition, sensation, communication, perception, and behavior.
Common misconceptions of cerebral palsy are impact on intelligence or cognitive ability, being contagious, being progressive, and severity increases with age. None of these perceptions against cerebral palsy hold true. In this disorder, only the voluntary and involuntary movements are hampered from brain damage.
People with cerebral palsy may have are swallowing problems, an imbalance in the muscles of eye, underdeveloped muscles, hearing and eyesight related issues, seizures, crawling, difficulty to move, and people suffer due to reduced range of motion due to stiffness muscles. Disabilities associated with cerebral palsy may be restricted to one limb or one side or whole of the body.
Abnormalities in brain associated with cerebral palsy may contribute to the neurological problems. It is mainly caused due to mutations in genes, maternal infections affecting the fetus, fetal stroke, inflammations around the brain due to infant infections, traumatic injury to the head of an infant due to accident and the lack of oxygen to the brain due to difficult delivery. Early diagnosis is an advantageous point of this disorder. Diagnosis may be done as early as in the first months of fetus development. Post-natal general screening is done at 9, 18, and 24 months.
Although, there is no perfect cure for cerebral palsy, regular check-ups and physical assistance helps the children facing such issues. However, recently stem cell therapies have come up with some hope for treatment of cerebral palsy amongst the infants and young.