Claustrophobia is a typical form of mental disorder, leading to anxiety; wherein the person experiences irrational fear of being trapped. As per the diagnostic manual it is considered to be a type of phobia, preventing people to use the elevator and flight.

 The extent of the fear is so much so that people can go out of the way, to avoid situations; such as preferring staircases even if many floors are being involved to avoid elevators.

The exact cause of concern is not much known, although environmental factors are believed to be playing a major role in initiating a trigger. Studies have investigated that a kind of anxiety disorder can be associated with amygdala dysfunction, a region of a central nervous system involved in controlling fear.

 The phobia can also be developed in a later phase of life, due to certain traumatic events happened in the past, such as;

  • Being stuck in an elevator for a prolonged period of time
  • Bad experience of flight
  • Being punished by being locked in a bathroom, during childhood etc.

Signs And Symptoms

  • Sweating
  • Hot flashes
  • The feeling of a panic attack or intense fear
  • Hyperventilation
  • Arrhythmia
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Choking sensation
  • Trembling

Treatment

If the above-mentioned symptoms are persistent, it is always better to seek immediate medical attention, as the early diagnosis may help patients manage with the condition easily. Certain rehabilitative treatments are recommended by psychologist like cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT),a relaxation exercise and observing others facing a similar situation. can be suggested depending upon the severity of the symptoms.

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