Peaches, the soft and pulpy fruits, are scientifically termed as Prunus persica and commonly called “Aadu” in Hindi, “Pica” in Bengali, “Alu” in Gujarati and “Peechu Pandu” in Telugu. A popular summer produce in India, that thrives during the hot season from early April until the end of June, the peach or aadu fruit abounds in essential nutrients and confers some fantastic benefits for human health.
Essentially, the peach tree is indigenous to the northwest parts of China, from where it was propagated throughout the world, including Spain, Italy, southern USA, northern Thailand and India. Typically, it is cultivated in the sub-tropical, colder mountainous regions of the North-Eastern Indian state of Meghalaya, besides other states in the North-East, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir and the southern hill stations.
The peach trees grow up to a height of 7m, are tall and broad, bearing oval-shaped leaves and pink, five-petaled flowers. Upon ripening, this drupe variety of fruit, belonging to the apricot and nectarine family, has a pale yellow to off-whitish inner flesh with a large seed in the centre. This is enclosed within a yellow-orange to red outer skin that has a fuzzy, velvety texture. The subtle and pleasing aroma, as well as the sweet and slightly tangy taste, make the peach fruit a popular ingredient in pastries, salads, juices and jams.
The nutrient profile of the aadu fruit is indeed impressive, as this delicious summer bounty is very low in calories and completely devoid of sodium and cholesterol. It also contains no saturated fats and is laden with vitamin C, vitamin A and vitamin E, which have valuable antioxidant properties. Peaches are proficient in vital trace minerals like iron, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc. Furthermore, they are overflowing with the goodness of beneficial cytoprotective polyphenolic compounds like catechins, rutin and anthocyanins. Also Read: Vitamin C – Functions, Food Sources, Deficiencies And Toxicity
The ancient Chinese civilizations recognized the significant curative traits of peaches. Its potency in treating innumerable chronic ailments like diabetes, heart disease and nervous system disorders has also been extolled in the age-old Indian Ayurvedic texts. Hence, it is stating the obvious while mentioning that this succulent aadu fruit is widely consumed worldwide today, so people can procure the wonderful advantages they bestow for augmented well-being.
Fantastic Health Benefits Of Peaches/Aadu Fruit:
Peaches being a rich source of natural dietary fibers, help in regulating appetite and thereby, reducing untimely cravings for junk food and preventing obesity and diabetes. Furthermore, they facilitate the movement of processed and unprocessed food particles through the gut, reducing the occurrence of constipation. Aadu fruits also decrease the chances of intestinal disorders like inflammatory bowel disease and ulcerative colitis. Also Check Out: 5 Fruits Low On Glycemic Index That Are Good For Diabetics-Infographic
Intrinsically loaded with phosphorous, the trace mineral essential for maintaining bone shape and rigidity, peaches fortify the connective tissues in the body. A regular intake of peach in the diet also prevents severe bone ailments like osteoporosis and arthritis. Phosphorous also controls the calcium absorption in teeth tissues, hence fortifying gums and jawbones.
Bolsters Defense Functions
Vitamin C is profusely contained in the pulpy portion of peaches and it plays a key role in ensuring optimal immunity in the body. Peaches also provide the potent antioxidants rutin, which inherently possesses anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activity, thus aiding in combating infections. Drinking a glass of peach juice once a week can greatly boost the system’s defence mechanism and keep cough, cold and fever at bay.
Heals And Enhances Skin
Peaches are imbued with ample amounts of the crucial trace mineral zinc, which is involved in collagen synthesis and therefore assists in wound healing of damaged tissues. In addition, aadu fruits also provide powerful antioxidants known as catechins that are highly effective in slowing down ageing and rejuvenating the texture of the skin. Apart from eating the fruit in salads for a radiant look, the oil extracts and essence of peach is also incorporated into skincare products and cosmetics for glowing skin and it can also be incorporated and used in several face packs at home.
Shields Nervous System
The potent plant-based antioxidants in peaches confer some beneficial neuroprotective traits to the brain cells in the body. The anthocyanin class of phenolic compounds protects the neurons – the specialized cells in the brain, from damage and any injury. Thus, aadu fruits are very advantageous in reducing the occurrence of neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s disease.
Augments Heart Function
Several scientific studies have shown that regularly eating controlled portions of peach fruit significantly diminishes the levels of bad LDL cholesterol as well as triglycerides in the bloodstream. These fats tend to clog the arteries, giving rise to high bp symptoms. Following a diet that supplies good HDL cholesterol and lowers LDL cholesterol is especially beneficial for those with vastly elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Moreover, peaches can also lower blood pressure and ease the tension in the arteries, thereby preventing severe cardiac ailments like atherosclerosis.
The polyphenolic class of antioxidants in aadu fruit is exceptionally useful in averting the occurrence of cancers. These compounds function by eliminating harmful free radicals from oxidising the healthy cells in vital organs in the body such as kidney, liver and bones, thereby conferring the system with valuable cytoprotective traits. This, in turn, prevents healthy cells from entering into an uncontrolled proliferative mechanism, thereby stopping cancer.
Regulates Blood Sugar
The treasure trove of polyphenol antioxidants in peaches possess powerful hypoglycemic properties. This aids in lowering sudden spikes in blood sugar levels, besides improving insulin sensitivity towards processing glucose molecules in the system. In this manner, diabetes symptoms are managed efficiently, the functioning of the pancreas is vastly elevated and normal metabolism, insulin activity is preserved.
Promotes Hair Growth
Peaches comprise a wealth of hair-fortifying components, that immensely enrich the growth of a long, strong and thick mane. The high levels of biotin arrest hair fall, besides remedying dryness and lack of nourishment in the scalp. Moreover, the profuse quantities of B vitamins in peaches stimulate the follicles or hair roots for increased hair growth and rectify instances of dandruff as well.
Enhances Liver Functions
Bestowed with ample amounts of pectin fibres and phytonutrients, peaches are a wonderful solution for detoxifying the liver, kidneys. They cure gut problems, besides facilitating smooth bowel movements for the elimination of toxins and food wastes. Blessed with antioxidant traits, they also purify the bloodstream of harmful free radicals, thus cleansing the liver and kidneys for better operations.
Peaches or aadu fruits are indeed a natural wonder that bestows us with incredible health benefits such as promoting heart health, preventing cancer and enhancing skin, nerves, bones and teeth. Add these tasty summer fruits to your diet, to reap their wellness incentives, for better overall health.