The scorching summer heat is now at its peak, and we are all experiencing fatigue and exhaustion due to hot weather. Yes, it can be troublesome both adults and kids. There are several health maladies affecting children during this hot and humid climate, including allergies and infections. Intense humidity coupled with heat waves can worsen health status.

It is time to take extra care so that children do not fall prey to seasonal ailments. As the weather turns hot and humid, it brings with it several health woes mainly affecting children. Viral and bacterial infections are very common. Parents should also watch for gastroenteritis that could result due to eating outside foods and not paying attention to the hygiene standards of the outlets. Summer infections can also develop in swimming pools, a favourite activity with children. Kids swimming in a badly maintained pool may develop infections as well as sinusitis.
Girl eating vegetables

Here are some common health issues that can affect kids, this season. So, be prepared to fend off these common health issues away from your little ones.

Heatstroke (Hyperthermia)

Heatstroke is caused due to prolonged exposure to high temperatures and shows symptoms like exhaustion, headaches, dizziness, and weakness. The body temperature can go high up to 106 F or even higher, resulting in brain damage or even fatal if left untreated. Prompt medical care is required to bring the body temperature under control. Kids are at risk for heatstroke if they overdress or do intense activity in a hot climate without drinking adequate fluids.

Pro Tip

  • To manage hyperthermia, cool down the child’s body with water or ice packs
  • Kids should wear light-coloured, loose clothing on hot days and use sunscreen
  • Restrict outdoor sports during the summer season or at least during early mornings or late evening hours
Heat stroke


Children especially need to be safeguarded from the sun’s burning rays, as it will leave their skin red, warm, and painful. In more severe cases it may cause blistering, fever, chills, headache, and a feeling of sickness.

Pro Tip

  • To heal sunburn, give the child a cold shower or bath or apply cold compresses as often as required
  • Use moisturizing creams or aloe gel to soothe the burn
  • Ensure to apply sunscreen before going out in the sun. And re-apply frequently and avoid going out when the sun is harsh between 11 am to 3 pm


Generally, kids are out in the hot sun, they are engaged so much in playing, that they miss out to drink water, leading to dehydration. Also, a lot of water and salt is lost in the form of sweat and this needs to be restored by staying hydrated. Extreme thirst, fatigue and very minimal urine output are some of the signs of dehydration.

Also Read: Dehydration: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Pro Tip

  • To replenish the lost fluid and rehydrate it is essential to drink plenty of water and juices at regular intervals
  • Buttermilk, tender coconut water, lemonade and fresh fruits are some of the options to keep children well hydrated during summer

Food Poisoning

Children usually get food poisoning from eating or drinking water contaminated with bacteria, viruses, or other harmful toxins. Children younger than 5 are highly prone as their immune systems aren’t effective in combatting germs. Abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhoea, and vomiting are some common symptoms.

Pro Tip

  • Avoid consuming roadside food, stale, or uncooked food
  • Drink plenty of fluids or oral rehydration solution to prevent dehydration

Fungal Infections

Summers are known for their intense humidity and profuse sweating; this serves as a perfect environment for fungal infections. Some of the common regions affected include the underarms, groin, between the toes, and body folds or creases which don’t get enough air. Itching and redness typically present themselves. Hence, it is vital to maintain good hygiene to avert fungal infections.

Pro Tip

  • Don’t share clothing, towels, or any other personal belongings
  • Wear clean clothes, particularly socks and underwear
  • Choose clothing and shoes that breathe well. Avoid clothing or shoes that are too tight
  • Dry off well with a clean, towel after showering, bathing, or swimming
  • Limit contacts with pet animals if they have any signs of a fungal infection

Prickly Heat

Prickly heat is a common health concern in summer, it develops due to excessive sweating, which ends up blocking the sweat glands. Children are highly prone to prickly heat due to underdeveloped sweat glands. It appears as tiny-raised spots all over the body, and it is itchy and with mild redness.

Also Read: Prickly Heat: Natural Remedies To Soothe Your Skin In Summer

Pro Tip

  • Use child-safe mild prickly heat powder to get respite from itchiness
  • Let the kids wear comfortable and loose-fitting cotton clothes
Make the kids stay in a well-ventilated and cool environment