Antioxidants are substances that protect the cells in the body against free radicals, which trigger heart disease, cancer and other chronic diseases. Free radicals are molecules produced when the body is exposed to tobacco smoke, radiation.
They are also synthesized in the system in excess amounts in conditions of stress and inflammation, such as injury to tissues, uncontrolled bleeding, exposure to environmental pollution, consuming high amounts of fried, sugared junk foods, damage to muscles, bones or other internal organs like kidney, liver or lungs. In essence, antioxidants effectively combat free radicals, eliminating them from the body and shielding the system from harm and disease.
Fruits, vegetables and whole grains being high in antioxidants are also rich in fiber, low in saturated fat and cholesterol and good sources of vitamins and minerals. Also Check Out: 5 Super-Rich Antioxidant Foods You Should Include In Your Daily Diet – Infographic
Antioxidants, besides protecting the body from illnesses and avoiding grave consequences, also perform certain key roles in the system such as:
- Lowering inflammation in the cells and tissues, for their smooth functioning
- Regulating metabolism and energy processes
- Protecting cell membranes from damage
- Promoting digestion and weight loss
- Maintaining optimal cardiac functions
Hence, a balanced diet must comprise all essential nutrients like proteins, carbs, fats, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants, to augment the normal and healthy wellness of the body. Read on, to find out about five crucial antioxidants that significantly enhance physical and mental wellbeing.
5 Fantastic Antioxidants To Boost Health And Fitness
This eater soluble vitamin is a critical antioxidant that functions in maintaining the immune system of the body. It also fortifies bones, muscles and cartilage tissues, enhances skin texture and accelerates wound healing in the body. Citrus fruits like lemons, grapes, pomelo, oranges, tangerines are a rich natural source of obtaining vitamin C in the diet.
These substances are one of the main sources of vitamin A. Carotenoids play a vital role in conserving healthy vision and eyesight, promoting growth and development of the body, besides lowering the risk of acquiring cancer, neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer’s and Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). Vegetables and fruits with high amounts of carotenoids include carrots, apricots, grapefruit among others.
This potent antioxidant is the bioactive substance that abounds in the aromatic spice – turmeric. It confers numerous health benefits like preventing heart ailments, strengthening cardiac muscles, alleviating depression and anxiety, relieving joint pain in osteoporosis, osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, as well as managing blood sugar levels in diabetics.
Anthocyanins are valuable antioxidants that decrease the accumulation of fats in tubular structures of the heart, namely the arteries, veins and capillaries. This vastly lowers the risk of acquiring grave cardiac complications like atherosclerosis and heart attacks. Berries including strawberries, blueberries, cherries, blackberries and raspberries are all wonderful sources of obtaining anthocyanins in the diet. Also Check Out: Strawberries: Know How This Summer Fruit Keeps You Healthy- Infographic
Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin that improves the thickness and texture of hair, besides fostering a healthy heart and glowing skin. The tocopherol component in this fat-soluble vitamin immensely slows down the ageing of the skin, boosting collagen synthesis and averting many common skin conditions like acne, allergies and rashes. Nuts like almonds, walnuts, peanuts and oils like olive oil, vegetable oil are all good sources of vitamin E.