1. World Sleep Day: 32% Indians can't sleep because of technology, says survey

    Have you been procrastinating and not working on your dream project? Partying all night with friends and family? There’s one important aspect of life that gets disturbed by these activities, and that's sleep. More than 60% of Indians feel exercise is the prime factor affecting health and well-being more than sleep, reveals a survey that stressed the need for good sleep for better health. The study, led by Philips India, found that 19% of Indian adults account overlying work hours with normal sleep time (shift work sleep disorder) as a key hurdle to sleep. Evidence also shows that 32% feel that technology is a major sleep distractor. About 45% adults have tried meditation to set off and keep up good sleep, while 24% stated having tried specialized bedding. Harish R, Head (Sleep and Respirator Care) at Philips, claimed that sleep disorder is a more serious problem than what most people realize, especially given their direct correlation...
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  2. 3D printed implants for spinal cord

    Production of a three dimensional (3-D) object by the means of depositing or fusing plastics, ceramics, living cells or other materials constitutes the technique of 3-D printing. To begin with its applications in medicine, 3-D printing poses several advantages of customization, cost efficiency, and high productivity. Hence, it finds uses in bioprinting of tissues and organs, custom implants, anatomical models, vascular organs and others. Fabrication of spinal implants using 3D technology has proven to be revolutionary. It allows the surgeons to overcome additional complexities of graft accommodation involving size or shape modifications using scalpels or drills. The 3-D printed spinal implants, printed to custom requirements, poses the benefit of an easy fit.  This technique proves to be beneficial for congenital deformities, spinal degeneration, or destruction due to a tumor. Additionally, these implants do not pose any durability or biocompatibility issues. They are...
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  3. Biomarker identification for prediction of diabetes

    Biomarkers are the naturally occurring biological molecules, which help in measuring some biological state or condition. These find application in screening or diagnosis of diabetes such as for glucose hemoglobin tests for type-2 diabetes. Simultaneously, treatment management also forms another application sphere.  An ideal biomarker tends to improve the identification of those at risk of diabetes occurrence or advancement. Besides risk identification, it should also help refine complication prediction, and assist in treatment customization. For example, the standard and serial data on biomarkers arising from liver have unraveled the role of hepatic fat in the pathogenesis of diabetes. Further, a novel branch chain amino acid marker, known to play role in insulin resistance, could also...
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  4. Common bronchodilators for treatment of Asthma/COPD

    Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) treatment regimes tend to overlap with each other. This treatment overlap aims towards relief from worsening of the symptoms in both the conditions. Bronchodilators form an important leg of treatment, wherein they act towards rescue and maintenance of respective conditions. The short-acting β2 agonists (SABA) and short-acting muscarinic antagonists (SAMA) bronchodilators find wide application. SABA provides relief from acute symptoms, as per the consensus guidelines. However, SABA's usage and requirement tends to sustain over a period of 2-3 days. This time period does not involve relief from acute symptomatic worsening in Asthma...
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  5. Common long-acting beta-agonists for treatment of Asthma/COPD

    Long-acting beta-agonists or LABA, like other medication treatment methods, are responsible for clearing and opening narrowed airways and prevent asthma attacks. LABAs are basically the class of bronchodilator drugs that are responsible for relaxation of tight muscle lining the airways. This class of drugs may be in the form of inhalers, nebulizers, and intravenous injections. LABA used in case of long-term procedures only. LABAs comprises of combination drugs, salmeterol, formoterol, inhalers, and nebulizers. Combination drugs comprise of Advair, Dulera, and Symbicort as the most common drugs. Medications in the form of tablets and capsules use Salmeterol and Formoterol are the most common drug and also are the main component in the formulations of inhalers and nebulizers. Perforomist is a type of drug used most commonly in nebulizers. Albuterol, Budesonide, Sulfate, Fumarate, Salmeterol, and Perforomist are the most common and economical drugs available in India....
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  6. Common risk factors for food allergies

    Food allergies involve an abnormal response of body's immune system to specific foods. One needs to note that food allergies differ from food intolerance. Food intolerance occurs only in the digestive system when the body does not break down food properly. It does not involve the immune system. The food allergies on another hand could be life-threatening and are associated with numerous risk factors. Correspondingly these risk factors involve genetic disposition and environmental factors. Genetic disposition puts the individual at greatest risk of developing food allergies. The studies suggest that allergy risk in offspring of healthy parents ranges from 5% to 15%. Having even a single allergic parent increases the risk to...
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  7. Comparison between generic and brand name drugs for cardiovascular diseases

    Atherosclerosis is one of the cardiovascular diseases which often lead to a blood clot. This can cause a heart attack or stroke. This lethal disease seems to be a point of inflexion between generic and brand name drugs. Generic medicines are the class of medicines that are both identical and structurally symmetrical to brand-name drugs. The difference between them lies in the time period for which the patent was held.  Correspondingly, the cardiovascular diseases have shown an evolving trend in the recent years. A direct relation exists between disease incidence and the time scale or the time period of its existence. Hence the drug patented in the 1970s, has the potential to cure the cardiovascular disease pertaining to that period...
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  8. Comparison between long acting anti cholinergic and long acting beta 2 agonist drugs for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    COPD treatment aims to enhance patient's quality of life, by restraining control over the problematic symptoms. The drug treatment also aims to reduce mortality, worsening of symptoms, and morbidity. Bronchodilators continue to assume importance for treating COPD. Long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) find relevance for the purpose of regular treatment of patients exhibiting moderate to severe COPD. There are further classifiable into β2-agonist and  anti-cholinergics. Together both the drug classes constitute the “muscarinic antagonists". The LABAs include salmeterol, and formoterol, which show high treatment efficacy. Both the long acting anti cholinergic and long acting β2 agonist drugs exhibit comparable...
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  9. Urinary Tract, Respiratory Tract Infections Ups the Risk of Stroke

    Researchers have warned that people who are vulnerable to the infection of UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) and RTI (Respiratory Tract Infection) may face nearly twice the risk of heart attacks and strokes than obese people. The study which was led by the Indian-origin researcher has shown that if the frequency of the common infections like UTI and RTI causing hospitalization for a longer duration, it may be fatal. Patients diagnosed with any one of these infections were 3 times more likely to die than those without past infection after developing heart disease, and almost twice the likely to die of stroke. The data reveals that those who are admitted to hospital with a respiratory or urinary tract infection are 40% more likely to suffer a consequent...
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  10. Unhealthy Behaviour in Youth Linked to Obesity

    Pay attention teens. Keep a check on your unhealthy eating habits and behaviour in advance, this may help you to reduce the risk of obesity later in life. As per the latest study, these pro-active measures can go a long way to keep obesity and related health issues away off. A new study states that junk food in a combination of unhealthy behaviours- sedentary lifestyle ups the risk of obesity in adulthood. The researchers claim that instead of aiming at only food habits, parents, teachers and healthcare providers must encourage the value of healthy behaviour in adolescents. The study revealed that there was no change in the calorie intake among adolescents, but habits such as exercising, smoking, alcohol and drug use have drastically altered over...
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