LITHORIL contains Lithium which belongs to the group of medicine called mood stabilizing agents. It is indicated in the treatment and prevention of mania or manic depression (manic episodes of bipolar disorder) and recurrent depression in adult patients. It is also used to control behavioral disorders like aggression and intentional self-harm.
Manic depression (also Bipolar disorder) is a serious mental illness in which the person will experience an extreme mood swings that includes emotional highs (called as manias) and lows (called as depression). Symptoms of mania includes motor hyperactivity, pressure of speech, lack of sleep and aggressiveness, while symptoms of depression include feeling sad, apathy, suicidal thoughts, restlessness, crying, fatigue, lack of sleep and lack of concentration.
LITHORIL acts by reducing the abnormal and excessive activity of neurons in the brain, leading to the suppression of both mania and depression. This medicine can be taken with or without meals. Any huge changes made in your diet pertaining to consumption of water and sodium (salt intake) should be informed to your doctor. Before and while taking this medicine, your doctor would regularly check the functions of your kidneys, heart and thyroid gland as a precaution to avoid unwanted side effects.
Inform your doctor immediately if you experience any unusual side effects while taking this medicine. Your doctor might reduce the dose or suggest an alternative therapy. Constant monitoring of lithium levels in blood are required in patients having any infection, underlying disease or low levels of magnesium, potassium and calcium in blood.
The most common side effects of taking this medicine are nausea, diarrhea, dryness in mouth, tremor of hands, difficulty in thinking and weight gain. Contact your doctor if any of the symptom bothers you. Before taking this medicine, inform your doctor if you have any serious kidney disease. LITHORIL is not recommended for use in pregnant or breastfeeding women and in children under 18 years of age. Consult your doctor before taking.