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A chronic medical condition characterised by high blood sugar levels resulting from the body's inability to produce or utilise insulin is known as diabetes. There are two main categories of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, increased thirst, and hunger, blurred vision, and slow healing of cuts and bruises. Other classic symptoms of diabetes are weight loss, numbness, fatigue. Management of diabetes involves lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise, medications, and monitoring blood sugar levels regularly.
The 3 essential types of diabetes are: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 happens when an individual's immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin. Type 2 occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or doesn't produce enough of it. Gestational diabetes occurs when one is pregnant and usually resolves after delivery. All types of diabetes can lead to high blood sugar levels and related health complications.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that requires ongoing management, including the use of diabetes medicines. These medicines can be taken in various forms, including diabetes tablets and diabetes injections, to help control blood sugar levels. It is essential to use diabetes medicines as directed by a doctor, as they can have potential side effects and may interact with other medications.