1. Efficacy of Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Efficacy of Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a chronic respiratory disease. A person suffering from OSA faces sleep related problems. In this disease, there is a decrease or complete halt in airflow despite an ongoing effort to breathe during sleeping. Patients with OSA suffer from an abnormal flow of air into the lungs. The obstruction in airflow is caused by the collapse of the soft tissues in the back of the throat. This combined with the collapse of the upper airway and tongue during sleep causes difficulty in breathing. The prevalence and risk factors of OSA can mainly be seen in the semi-urban Indian population. Researchers indicated that 13% of the urban Indians suffer from...
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  2. Efficiency of Inhaled Steroids in Asthma Treatment

    Efficiency of Inhaled Steroids in Asthma Treatment

    An inhaled steroid, also called inhaled corticosteroids, is a long-term control medicine. This type of medicine used in curing many types of chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and others. It is commonly used to treat asthma. It is a long-term control medicine, meaning, it is used every day to control the disease and prevent the associated symptoms. Inhaled steroids are one of the most effective medications for controlling asthma on a longer period prognosis or treatment.With respect to the treatment of asthma, inhaled steroids are basically anti-inflammatory drugs which...
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  3. Emerging Long-Acting Bronchodilator-Based Medicines/Drugs for COPD and Asthma

    Bronchodilators are type of variety of drugs that act as an anticholinergic agent, enlarging and relaxing blocked airways in the lungs. Bronchidilators are endogenous in nature and the medications/drugs under this variety of drug are used for the treatment of breathing difficulties such as COPD and asthma. Bronchodilators are mainly used for the treatment of COPD. Ipratropium bromide, the main composition of bronchidilator medication is most efficient in treatment of COPD and asthma. New bronchodilators have slower efficiency of action but longer duration of effect.Indacaterol, an emerging bronchodilator, falls under the once-daily ‘long-acting b2-agonist (LABA)’ category.  Indacaterol is a fast-acting compound with a more effective action than older drugs Salmeterol and...
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  4. How Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors Can Help Slow Down Diabetic Nephropathy

    How Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors Can Help Slow Down Diabetic Nephropathy

    Diabetes and hypertension are two main causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or diabetic nephropathy, as these two disorders account for around 40% and 25% of all cases, respectively. Diabetic nephropathy treated with drugs helps in lowering blood pressure and protein content in the urine.Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce both blood pressure and proteinuria. It acts through a mechanism of action, stopping the body from creating angiotensin II hormone. The process is carried out by inhibiting...
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  5. How are inhaled steroids different from leukotriene blockers in the treatment of Asthma?

    How are inhaled steroids different from leukotriene blockers in the treatment of Asthma?

    Inhaled steroids, also called inhaled corticosteroids, are one of the most effective medications in the long—term treatment of asthma and other respiratory diseases. Inhaled steroids are also effective for treatment of mild and chronic asthma symptoms in children and adults. The prognosis takes longer time than other varieties of drugs.Inhaled steroids act by narrowing and reducing inflammation of the bronchial tubes or airways. They help in anti-inflammatory activity, high efficacy in lung air flow, and prolonged maintenance of asthma. The most common and economical drugs which fall under the inhaled steroid type of medication for Asthma are:Symbicort or...
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  6. How can Ipratropium Bromide Help In Severe Cases Of COPD?

    How can Ipratropium Bromide Help In Severe Cases Of COPD?

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a respiratory disease where a person suffers from difficulty in exhaling air due to obstruction, leading to shortness of breath or frequent tiredness. The most common and economical drugs used for treatment of COPD...
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  7. How Is Combination Therapy Different From Long-Acting Beta-Agonists (LABAs) In Treating Asthma?

    How Is Combination Therapy Different From Long-Acting Beta-Agonists (LABAs) In Treating Asthma?

    Long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs) are one of the oldest forms of the variety of drug in treating Asthma. Beta-agonists act by stimulating the muscles surrounding the bronchial tubes by relaxation, thus opening the airways wider. On the other hand, long-acting beta-agonists according to researchers are very effective in treating asthma. LABAs are combined with inhaled steroids for long-term control of asthma symptoms. Furthermore, in combination therapy, long-acting beta agonists (LABA) are also combined with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in a single inhaler device for asthma treatment.Combination therapy for asthma acts as a complementary and synergistic...
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  8. Importance of Angiotensin-Converting (ACE) inhibitors in managing cardiovascular diseases

    Importance of Angiotensin-Converting (ACE) inhibitors in managing cardiovascular diseases

    Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors have a potent role in managing cardiovascular diseases. This type of medication interferes in the production of angiotensin II hormone, leading to relaxation of blood vessels and improves blood flow. These inhibitors then help lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of overworking the heart muscles, subsequently lowering the chances of heart attack.ACE inhibitors are recommended as the best medication for many patients with various cardiovascular problems. The diseases include; coronary artery diseases, myocardial infarction, heart failure, and high blood pressure. Most common and economical drugs available in the market are; Lotensin, Vasotec, Fosinopril, Accupril, and Trandolapril. Studies have also shown that patients with ischemic and non-ischemic causes in terms of left...
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  9. Intelligent Devices For Keeping Track Of Pressure In Pulmonary Arteries

    Intelligent Devices For Keeping Track Of Pressure In Pulmonary Arteries

    Pulmonary artery (PA) pressure refers to the blood pressure in the pulmonary artery. Monitoring pulmonary heart patients using non-invasive cardiac output monitors and implantable hemodynamic sensors are among the promising novel technologies. These technologies offer help in clinical decision-making and imparting potentially better outcomes.  By monitoring pressure inside the pulmonary artery (the blood vessel that moves blood from the heart to the lungs) of the patients, a doctor can know when to make changes to the patient's treatment.One such revolutionary invention for the patients with chronic heart failure is the pressure sensing device. This...
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  10. Advantage of Dissolvable stents over Metalic stents for treating coronary arteries diseases

    Advantage of Dissolvable stents over Metalic stents for treating coronary arteries diseases

    Stents, or coronary stents, is used primarily to aid healing or relieve an obstruction in cardiovascular diseases. Dissolvable stent is one type of coronary stent where splints are placed temporarily and gradually fades away. The scaffold of the stent built from a polymer called polylactic acid-a naturally dissolvable material. The material breaks down into carbon dioxide and water and disappears completely after three to four years and returns the artery to its natural state.Metallic stent, on the other hand, is made out of metals and not dissolvable. The presence of metallic stent causes inflammation and irritation of the coronary vessels...
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