Despite the fact that there is a higher incidence of diabetes in men, studies have shown that women are more prone to diabetes because of their physiological makeup. Diabetes affects them due to hormonal imbalances, menopause, added burden of hormonal fluctuation related to the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause and others.
Due to high levels of estrogen and progesterone the insulin sensitivity is hampered. Stress, tension, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet are also major risk factor causing diabetes in women. Symptoms of diabetes in women may include vaginal/oral yeast infections, urinary infections, female sexual dysfunction, and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.
Can this be prevented? Doctors and experts suggest that it can be prevented to a large extent by making a few changes in the lifestyle. The lifestyle changes that have been suggested are as follows:
- Bodyweight must be controlled. Have smaller meals in regular intervals and eat slowly and chew your food well. Limit your daily calorie intake to 1600-2000 calories
- Working with your muscles more often. , Daily exercise or yoga is helpful to relieve stress and tension.
- Meditate daily to lower your stress levels which are also a major cause of diabetes.
- Choose whole grains and whole grain product, and fiber rich food. Include 25g per day in your diet
- Always drink a lot of water and avoid all sugary drinks.
- Increase the uptake of good fats, such as polyunsaturated fats found in liquid vegetable oils, nuts and seeds. However, limit the consumption to only 10% of the total calories.
- Avoid processed meat. Have a few nuts, whole grains, poultry or fish instead.