Foot fungal infection is a common inflammatory foot skin disease caused by the fungi. It may get worse if the person is diabetic or immune compromised. Dermatophytes and microscopic fungus are the common fungus that causes the foot fungal disease.
This type of fungus is usually found in the humid warm area, swimming pools, public showers floor. They can also be found on household articles which is kept in a moist environment. They find a comfortable environment to thrive within shoes, especially in leather footwear. Socks can also be served as good habitat for the growth of infectious fungal species. The fungus is most prevalent during monsoons and summer season when humidity is high. People who uses public showers and wear tight shoes and closed footwear are most susceptible to this disorder.
Foot fungal infections are usually treated with topical antifungal ointments. Oral medication can also be used to treat the infections.
Common antifungal agents used for the treatment of fungal foot infections include:
- Imidazole and their derivatives
- Triazole and others
In some particular cases, certain drugs can be used for the treatment of specific symptoms. The addition of a topical or systemic antibiotic along with streptococcal coverage should be prescribed when vesicle formation and marked inflammation happens and signs of early cellulitis are observed. Reinfection is relatively common in foot fungal disease, particularly when onychomycosis is present. In such cases treatment of nail infections should be done as soon as possible. To avoid infection, footwear should be disinfected; and people should avoid walking without footwear in public areas.