Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that is commonly prevalent among women of reproductive age. This condition normally affects the mechanism of how the ovaries work. The ovaries contain fluid filled sacs with immature eggs called follicles. The polycystic ovaries contain large number follicles sizing about 8mm compared to normal ovary. In PCOS condition, these follicles are unable to release the egg meaning that ovulation does not takes place. The exact cause of PCOS is till unknown.
Symptoms of PCOS:
The symptoms of PCOS are usually apparent around the first menstrual cycle during puberty. The major symptoms of PCOS include:
- Irregular or no periods at all
- As a result of irregular ovulation, there is a difficult getting conceived.
- Excessive hair grown on face, chest, back or buttocks
- Weight gain
- Thinning hair and hair loss
- Oily skin or acne
Treatment of PCOS:
Although there is no cure for PCOS, the symptoms can be treated. To make the periods regular, the doctor may recommend combination (Progestin+Estrogen) birth control pills or progestin therapy. To induce ovulation, medications such as clomiphene, letrozole or metformin are advised. Excessive hair growth can be treated by using birth control pills or electrolysis. By losing weight and eating a healthy and balance diet, some of the PCOS symptoms can be mitigated.