A menstrual cycle is not always like a wind-up, most women get their periods right on time every 28 days, but for few cycles are not so certain.
Though irregular menstrual cycle is not generally a major issue, it can sometimes signal underlying health problems.
Normal menstrual cycle for women is 28 days, but this changes for everyone. An irregular period cycle is when the length of cycle advances even a week before 28 days or extends beyond 35 days.
Menstruation is the part of the menstrual cycle where the endometrium the lining of the uterus is shed. Periods start from puberty between ages of (10-16) and continues until menopause when a woman is 45-55 years old.
What Are Symptoms Of Irregular Periods?
One of the primary signs of irregular periods is when the length of menstrual cycle gets extended for more than 35 days, calculated from the last period.
Missing more than 3 consecutive cycles.
Bleeding with heavy flow, clots or bleeding very light.
Bleeding or spotting after sex.
Women who experience any of these symptoms should consult a gynaecologist immediately.
Causes Of Irregular Periods
There are several issues than can cause irregular periods, it is a common condition faced by young girls in adolescence and perimenopause women.
Other causes include - uterine fibroids, endometriosis, ovulation problems, thyroid problems, hormonal imbalances, adenomyosis-endometrium grows into the uterine wall and usage of birth control pills.
Overdoing of workouts, poor dietary habits or following crash diets may disturb the hormonal balance which can also cause irregular periods.
Treatments Options Depending On The Causes
Puberty And Menopause
Irregular periods that happen during puberty and menopause are quite common that does not require any specific treatment.
Birth Control Pills
If irregular bleeding is due to contraception pills consult a doctor to learn about medications that don’t interfere with menstrual cycle.
PCOS And Obesity
If PCOS or obesity is the cause, weight loss will help to normalize the cycle. Losing weight lowers the insulin requirement that in turn lowers testosterone levels and a promotes ovulation.
Proper treatment to correct hormonal imbalances caused due to a thyroid problem include medication, surgery and radioactive iodine therapy.
Lifestyle modifications can be a great help for women with irregular periods to reverse the condition.
Following a regular exercise regimen to reduce weight and alleviate stress, helps in reversing this condition.
Focus on eating a well-balanced diet.