Netmeds Official Blog
What is Immunisation?
When a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, usually by giving a vaccine, they are protected from life threatening diseases. The process of making an individual or child resistant to a disease is known as Immunisation.
Globally 1.87 Crores babies
Are Prone To Life-Threatening Diseases As They Do Not Receive a Complete Set of Commonly Available Vaccines
Nationally 5 lakh children die due to vaccine-preventable diseases.
Vaccines under India's Universal Immunization Programs (UIP)
- BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)
- DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid)
- OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
- Hepatitis B
- Tetanus Toxoid
- JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts)
- Hib containing Pentavalent vaccine (DPT+HepB+Hib) (In selected States)
National Immunization Schedule (NIS)
|Name of Vaccine||Protection||Route||Number of Doses||Schedule|
|BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)- Lyophilized vaccine||Tuberculosis||Intra-dermal||1||At birth (upto 1 year if not given earlier)|
|OPV(Oral Polio Vaccine)- Liquid vaccine||Poliomyelitis||Oral||5||1st Dose at Birth for institutional deliveries. 3 Primary doses at 6, 10 & 14 weeks. A booster dose at 16-24 months.|
|Hepatitis B - Liquid Vaccine||Hepatitis B||Intra-muscular||5||Birth dose (within 24 hours) for institutional deliveries. Primary three doses at 6, 10 & 14 weeks.|
|DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid) - Liquid vaccine||Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus||Intra-muscular||5||Three doses at ages 6, 10 & 14|
|Measles - Lyophilized vaccine||Measles||Sub-cutaneous||2||1st Dose- Age 9-12 months. 2nd Dose - Age 16-24 months.|
|TT (Tetanus Toxoid) - Liquid vaccine||Tetanus||Intra-muscular||2||10 years and 16 years. 2 doses for pregnant woman (Single dose if vaccinated within past 3 years)|
|JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts) Lyophilized vaccine||Japanese Encephalitis(Brain fever)||Sub-cutaneous||2||1st Dose- Age 9-12 months. 2nd Dose Age - 16-24 months. (Approximately 6 months after vaccination drive)|