Netmeds Official Blog

What is Immunisation?

When a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, usually by giving a vaccine, they are protected from life threatening diseases. The process of making an individual or child resistant to a disease is known as Immunisation.

Globally 1.87 Crores babies

Are Prone To Life-Threatening Diseases As They Do Not Receive a Complete Set of Commonly Available Vaccines

India

Nationally 5 lakh children die due to vaccine-preventable diseases.

Vaccines under India's Universal Immunization Programs (UIP)

  • BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)
  • DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid)
  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
  • Measles
  • Hepatitis B
  • Tetanus Toxoid
  • JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts)
  • Hib containing Pentavalent vaccine (DPT+HepB+Hib) (In selected States)

National Immunization Schedule (NIS)

Name of VaccineProtectionRouteNumber of DosesSchedule
BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin)- Lyophilized vaccineTuberculosisIntra-dermal1At birth (upto 1 year if not given earlier)
OPV(Oral Polio Vaccine)- Liquid vaccinePoliomyelitisOral51st Dose at Birth for institutional deliveries. 3 Primary doses at 6, 10 & 14 weeks. A booster dose at 16-24 months.
Hepatitis B - Liquid VaccineHepatitis BIntra-muscular5Birth dose (within 24 hours) for institutional deliveries. Primary three doses at 6, 10 & 14 weeks.
DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid) - Liquid vaccineDiphtheria, Pertussis and TetanusIntra-muscular5Three doses at ages 6, 10 & 14
Measles - Lyophilized vaccineMeaslesSub-cutaneous21st Dose- Age 9-12 months. 2nd Dose - Age 16-24 months.
TT (Tetanus Toxoid) - Liquid vaccineTetanusIntra-muscular210 years and 16 years. 2 doses for pregnant woman (Single dose if vaccinated within past 3 years)
JE vaccination (in selected high disease burden districts) Lyophilized vaccineJapanese Encephalitis(Brain fever)Sub-cutaneous21st Dose- Age 9-12 months. 2nd Dose Age - 16-24 months. (Approximately 6 months after vaccination drive)