Hypotension is a condition commonly related to low blood pressure. In this case, the blood pressure ranges between 90 mm to 60 mm or medically indicated as 90/60. Low blood pressure or hypotension usually causes dizziness and fainting and can even be life-threatening.

Low blood pressure is mainly caused due to dehydration or from consumption of certain medications. There is no specific age for low blood pressure, however, occurs mostly amongst people above the age of 20 years. In many cases low blood pressure leads to cardiovascular and respiratory problems.

Signs And Symptoms

  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Lack of concentration
  • Confusion
  • Cold
  • Pale skin
  • Rapid or shallow breathing
  • Weak and rapid pulse

Diagnosis And Treatment

Low blood pressure is easily diagnosable with the help of blood tests, electrocardiogram (ECG), echocardiogram, stress test, valsalva maneuver test and tilt table test. Treatment of low blood pressure is based on the causal factor. For instance, low blood pressure from medications involves changing or stopping the medication or lowering the dose.

However, the doctor may also advice more salt consumption, drinking more water and wearing compression or support stockings which improves circulation and increases blood pressure.