Blood disorders are associated with diseases of the blood and blood related malfunctions. Many of these blood disorders are characterized with decrease in number of cells, like platelets, plasma cells, as well as nutrients; which interfere with the organ functions of the body.
Blood disorders may also lead to co-morbid conditions like heart problems, blood circulation, respiratory issues and excretory problems. Blood disorders are mainly genetic mutations from external environmental factors or hereditary.
Some Of The Common Blood Disorders:
- Anemia, which is a disorder of a red blood cells.
- Haemophilia, or a condition with poor blood clotting.
- Leukopenia, a disorder of white blood cells.
- Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma, or commonly known as blood cancer.
- Thrombocytopenia is identified to be a disorder of platelets.
Symptoms of blood disorders may differ from one type to another on the basis of increased or decreased number of RBCs, WBCs, and Platelets:
- Shortness of breath
- Excessive fatigue, unusual weakness and weight loss
- Swelling of legs
- Persistent bleeding as well as bruising, and pinpoint rashes all over the body
- Clotting problem and slow healing of wound
- Persistent headache and red complexion especially on palms
- Increased viscosity of the blood
- Swollen lymph nodes in case of leukemia and/or lymphomas
- Frequent infections
- Dizziness or light-headedness
- Muscular weakness
- Lack of concentration
- Unexplained bleeding from gums, nose, and gastrointestinal tract
The treatment is based on the disorder. One should see a hematologist to learn if the patient would require medication, iron supplements, blood transfusion in certain cases. Treatment protocol for blood cancer patients varies with other blood disorders