Selenium is an essential trace mineral found abundantly in the soil. It plays a vital role in several bodily functions from reproduction to combating infection. Selenium content in the foods depends upon the amount of selenium present in the soil where it is cultivated.
Selenium is a highly valued mineral owing to its potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. It is needed for the making of glutathione, which is valued as the body’s master antioxidant. Antioxidants scavenge the cells from free radical damage, moreover, studies have shown that selenium supplements can lower the risk of cancers. Also Check Out: 5 Super-Rich Antioxidant Foods You Should Include In Your Daily Diet - Infographic
Selenium exists in two forms inorganic (selenite and selenite) and organic (selenomethionine and selenocysteine) both of which play a crucial role in reproduction, improves thyroid and liver function, cell division, DNA synthesis, triggers the immune system, and shields the cells from oxidative stress and infection.
Selenium deficiency is very rare, however certain underlying conditions make it difficult for the body to absorb selenium which includes dialysis, patients living with HIV and Crohn’s disease.
The recommended dietary allowance of selenium for normal adults is 55 mcg/day. Selenium is naturally available in a wide range of foods such as nuts, whole grain cereals, freshwater fish and poultry. Whole foods are the best source of selenium, as the mineral may get destroyed during processing. Selenium is also available in the form of dietary supplements.
Foray this infographic to known about the top 5 foods super-rich in selenium.