Bones play several key roles in the body including providing structure, safeguarding organs, fixing muscles and reserving calcium. It is important to build strong and healthy bones during childhood and adolescence, while you must also take necessary measures during adulthood to protect bone health. Also Read: 5 Effective Ways To Build Your Child’s Bone Health
Bones undergo constant wear and tear, while new bone is made and old bone is broken down. At a young age the body repairs and makes new bone at a faster pace than it breaks an old bone and increases bone mass. Generally, people attain peak bone mass around age 30, after that only bone remodelling occurs, but they still lose slightly more bone mass than they gain.
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Osteoporosis is a condition that causes bones to become fragile and weak, depends on how much bone mass you reach achieve by the age of 30 and how quickly you lose it after that. People who have higher peak bone mass are less prone to develop osteoporosis as they age.
Factors That Affect Bone Health Include:
- The amount of calcium in the diet.
- Physical inactivity increases the risk of osteoporosis
- Tobacco and alcohol overuse
- Women are at high risk than men
- The bones become thinner and weaker as you age.
- Family history of fractures
Hormone imbalance, excess thyroid hormone can lead to bone loss. In women bone loss increases at menopause due to low levels of estrogen, while in men low testosterone levels can cause loss of bone mass.
- Poor dietary habits
- Prolonged usage of certain medications.
Check out this infographic to get an insight about how to naturally fortify bones.