A muscle cramp is an abrupt, uncomfortable and involuntary contraction of one or more of the muscles. It may strike without any caution i.e. it may be a Charley horse in the middle of the night or intense back spasm as you reach for any object.
There are many factors that may trigger a muscle cramp which includes improper blood circulation in the legs, standing or working out for long hours, muscle fatigue, dehydration, and magnesium or potassium deficiency.
The ideal way to avert muscle cramps is to stretch your legs before and after a workout. Stretching can relieve cramps caused due to non-workout related causes and stretching legs before exercise can prevent muscle tightening. Furthermore, massaging your muscles, staying hydrated and including foods rich in these vital nutrients like potassium, sodium, magnesium and calcium. Muscle cramps in most cases will stop within a few minutes, but if you often get it without any triggers then seek immediate medical attention. Also Read: Learn How To Manage Sudden, Painful Muscle Spasms