1. What is Respiratory Syncytial Virus?

    A syncytial virus is a multi-nucleated virus that results when multiple cells fuse together. The Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) causes illnesses such as bronchiolitis, asthma, chronic respiratory tract infections and acute otitis media. It causes infections in the lungs and breathing passages. Respiratory syncytial virus in healthy adults may show as a mild cold. But in babies & younger children, it may cause grave illnesses.People of any age may get infected by the Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) but adults suffer a lower severity of infection. Infants and children with weakened immune systems suffer a high severity of RSV. Studies estimate that half the total population of children worldwide are infected with Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)...
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  2. A New DNA Test To Monitor Your Little One For 193 Genetic Diseases

    A very simple and effective DNA screening test has been developed by the US-based genomic testing company to detect 193 childhood-onset diseases, including anemia, epilepsy, muscular atrophy, cancer, and metabolic disorders in the newborn’s genes.The company revealed that the genetic test can be done at home with a gentle cheek swab and helps parents to get an early insight into their baby’s health. The test - Sema4 Natalis, screens over five times the number of genetic diseases than a standard hospital test.The DNA screening test covers atypical epilepsy, spinal muscular atrophy and childhood cancers - there are confirmed medical interventions that may positively influence a baby’s future health when introduced at an early...
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  3. Oral Insulin: Myth Or Reality?

    Oral administration of insulin basically comprises drugs, insulin, and oral medication procedures. Oral administration of drugs has substantially improved the quality of life of diabetes patients, especially those administered with insulin. Oral route has many advantages compared to the other routes of insulin delivery; such as higher patient agreement, quick hepatic insulinization, and prevention of peripheral hyperinsulinemia. However, possible adverse effects of oral administration are; hypoglycaemia and weight gain.Oral delivery of insulin remains a challenge and emerging researches are underway as scientists attempt to improve them consistently. Challenges faced in...
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  4. Pancreatic Transplantation: A Possible Cure For Diabetes?

    Pancreatic Transplantation: A Possible Cure For Diabetes?

    Chronic pancreatic diseases are diseases which are directly involved in damaging beta cells that produce insulin and thus diabetes. Thus, Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body is not able to produce insulin, restricting its ability to let glucose enter the cells for producing energy, as part of body’s own immune system attacks the pancreas leading it to stop producing insulin.One treatment option is to transplant pancreas in these patients, leading their bodies to produce insulin again. The process involves surgical implantation of pancreas so that it produces insulin. However, the old pancreas is left in the body to secrete body’s digestive enzymes. The transplant has many advantages, majorly demonstrated through a renewed patients’ quality of life. It eliminates the need for daily injections of insulin, as well as daily finger pricking for...
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  5. The Subtle Signs Of A Heart Attack And First Aid Measures

    The Subtle Signs Of A Heart Attack And First Aid Measures

    Cardiovascular diseases are disorders of the heart and blood vessels. Heart attacks are the most prevalent and leading cause of increasing mortality rate worldwide. A recent study has revealed that India has highest incidence of heart disease with around 1.6 million deaths per year. Heart attack, a result of sudden block of blood supply to the heart due to blood clot, is a major concern. Nearly 50% of all heart attacks occurs in people under age of 50. Therefore, there is a need to spread awareness related to symptoms and first aid measures of heart attack among youths. Major population including youths in India is unaware about heart attack symptoms and concerned risk...
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  6. Why Are Low Cost Diabetes Screening Tools Important In India?

    Why Are Low Cost Diabetes Screening Tools Important In India?

    Diabetes, a non-communicable disease where blood sugars increase uncontrollably along with a decrease in production of insulin, has become a major global health problem. The prevalence of diabetes expected to reach 4.4% by 2030 globally. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF), India leads globally in terms of the number of people with diabetes (41 million in 2007 and 62 million in 2016) and may increase over 70 million by 2025. The incidence rate of diabetes in rural areas of India was around 1% in the 1970s but in the current state escalated to 6%-16% approximately.Diabetes health care and...
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  7. Entresto: An Evolutionary Drug For Heart Failure

    Entresto: An Evolutionary Drug For Heart Failure

    Cardio vascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death among people in India. Heart attacks are the most common type of cardio vascular diseases. Apart from that, various other CVDs including peripheral arterial disease, cerebrovascular disease, congenital heart disease, deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are of major concern. Recent developments in heart failure drugs have considerably expanded and led to the emergence of different treatment options for patients with cardio vascular diseases.Entresto is a drug adminstered for reducing the risk of cardiovascular deaths. It was approved in 2015 by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The drug is a combination of Sacubitril, a neprilysin inhibitor and Valsartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker. Entresto is meant to act towards enhancing the level of certain types of...
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  8. Efficacy of Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Efficacy of Positive Airway Pressure Therapy in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a chronic respiratory disease. A person suffering from OSA faces sleep related problems. In this disease, there is a decrease or complete halt in airflow despite an ongoing effort to breathe during sleeping. Patients with OSA suffer from an abnormal flow of air into the lungs. The obstruction in airflow is caused by the collapse of the soft tissues in the back of the throat. This combined with the collapse of the upper airway and tongue during sleep causes difficulty in breathing. The prevalence and risk factors of OSA can mainly be seen in the semi-urban Indian population. Researchers indicated that 13% of the urban Indians suffer from...
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  9. Efficiency of Inhaled Steroids in Asthma Treatment

    Efficiency of Inhaled Steroids in Asthma Treatment

    An inhaled steroid, also called inhaled corticosteroids, is a long-term control medicine. This type of medicine used in curing many types of chronic respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma and others. It is commonly used to treat asthma. It is a long-term control medicine, meaning, it is used every day to control the disease and prevent the associated symptoms. Inhaled steroids are one of the most effective medications for controlling asthma on a longer period prognosis or treatment.With respect to the treatment of asthma, inhaled steroids are basically anti-inflammatory drugs which...
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  10. Emerging Long-Acting Bronchodilator-Based Medicines/Drugs for COPD and Asthma

    Bronchodilators are type of variety of drugs that act as an anticholinergic agent, enlarging and relaxing blocked airways in the lungs. Bronchidilators are endogenous in nature and the medications/drugs under this variety of drug are used for the treatment of breathing difficulties such as COPD and asthma. Bronchodilators are mainly used for the treatment of COPD. Ipratropium bromide, the main composition of bronchidilator medication is most efficient in treatment of COPD and asthma. New bronchodilators have slower efficiency of action but longer duration of effect.Indacaterol, an emerging bronchodilator, falls under the once-daily ‘long-acting b2-agonist (LABA)’ category.  Indacaterol is a fast-acting compound with a more effective action than older drugs Salmeterol and...
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