1. World Haemophilia Day: Why does this disorder occur?

    World Haemophilia Day: Why does this disorder occur?

    April 17 is World Haemophilia Day, and is considered a landmark effort is raising awareness about haemophilia. Started in 1989 by the World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) in honour of WFH founder Frank Schnabel’s birthday, the occasion gets global support. Read more about Haemophilia and why it occurs in people.Haemophilia is a blood related disease where a person losses the capability of blood clotting and experiences abnormal bleeding. This type of bleeding disorder is inherited or in simpler terms, is transferred from one family generation to another. Hemophilia, are distinguished into two forms; type A and type B. A rare kind of hemophilia is...
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  2. How long does a migraine last?

    How long does a migraine last?

    In the simplest terms, a migraine is a severe headache. However, the duration of time this headache lasts is an entire topic of discussion by itself. Read on to know how a typical migraine builds up and how long each phase lasts. A migraine is a type of moderate to severe headache that is normally felt as a throbbing pain on one side of the head. It is a common health condition that affects women more than men. Other symptoms of migraine include nausea, vomiting and enhanced sensitivity to light and sound. The condition of migraine can be divided into five distinct phases as described below. Depending on the phase of migraine, it can lasts anywhere between 4-72 hours.   Warning (premonitory) phase  - 1 to 24 hours Aura phase  - 5 minutes to 1 hour Headache or main phase – Few...
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  3. Painless dental treatment: Stem cells to replace tooth fillings

    Painless dental treatment: Stem cells to replace tooth fillings

    A revolutionary discovery by researchers from two leading international universities reveal that human teeth may no longer require artificial fillings. Instead, infected pulpy tissue inside the tooth can be repaired and regenerated with stem cells.The future holds promising treatment procedures, involving minimal human efforts, and maximal recovery. With the advent of numerous techniques for high-risk sophisticated procedures, researchers tend not to overlook the low-risk diseases commonly impacting larger populations. One such innovative and revolutionary discovery involves the use of biomaterials for treating diseases of the human tooth. The human tooth consists of three layers, namely, pulp, dentin, and enamel. The pulp is the innermost sensitive tissue layer, dentin is the outer bony one, and enamel is the outermost calcium...
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  4. A simple checklist to detect prostate cancer early

    A simple checklist to detect prostate cancer early

    Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that usually affects men over the age of 40. However, there have been cases of prostate cancer being detected in men as young as 18. Find out about the symptoms for early detection of this cancerCancer or uncontrolled cell division at the prostate gland men is known as prostate cancer. It is the layer that covers the neck section of bladder and provides seminal fluid. Prostate cancer is seen only in men and occurs majorly after 40 years of age. However, the susceptibility to prostate cancers starts at the early age of 18-20 years. The most common symptoms of prostate...
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  5. Asthma: Oral v/s inhaled corticosteroids for treatment

    Asthma: Oral v/s inhaled corticosteroids for treatment

    For treatment of asthma, there is often debate around which form of treatment is more beneficial - oral or inhaled corticosteroids. Both have certain side-affects that patients must be aware of. Read on to know how different oral medications may affect users.Corticosteroids comprise a significant class of naturally occurring and synthetic steroid hormones. A common part of prescriptions, their therapeutic effect involves affecting the production of corticosteroids in the human body. It forms the mainstay treatment for both Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary...
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  6. How to recognise signs of diabetic retinopathy

    How to recognise signs of diabetic retinopathy

    Diabetic retinopathy is the most common form of diabetic eye disease that affects both eyes. The risk of progressing diabetic retinopathy is known to upsurge with age as well with uncontrolled blood sugar and blood pressure level. If left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness.Diabetic retinopathy in simple terms is referred to as a diabetic condition that impacts the eyes. It is caused when the blood sugar level is alarmingly high in the human body. High blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina, which allows visualization. They can cause the blood vessels to swell, leak and even block blood from flowing smoothly. The condition may occur among people with both,...
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  7. Diabetes impacts economic stability of India’s healthcare sector

    Diabetes impacts economic stability of India’s healthcare sector

    Diabetes has one of India’s biggest healthcare concerns, earning the country the unfortunate tag of ‘Diabetes Capital of the World’. A recent study reveals that the financial burden of managing diabetes in India is causing a significant drain on the country’s economy. An estimated 66.8 million people suffer from diabetes in India. In spite of a large number of people with diabetes in Southeast Asia, the healthcare expenditure on the disease amounts to be only US$6 billion or INR 600 crore. This accounted for <1% of the global total whereas India...
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  8. Red Meat and Processed Meat, Ups your Liver Disorders

    Red Meat and Processed Meat, Ups your Liver Disorders

    All you meat lovers out there, a new study could make you a little sad: Eating an excess amount of processed and red meat increases your chances of a serious liver condition and insulin resistance, a precursor of type 2 diabetes.Shira Zelber-Sagi(Clinical dietitian at Tel Aviv Medical Center in Israel) the lead author of the study revealed that people who ate the maximum amount of red and processed meats had almost a 50% increased risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD), and a higher risk of progressing insulin resistance. The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is a condition that leads to fat deposit in the liver. As per the U.S National...
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  9. Do you really know what Anorexia is?

    Do you really know what Anorexia is?

    What is Anorexia Nervosa? Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by weight loss and trouble in maintaining the right weight for the body height, age and build. Generally, people with anorexia show abnormality of limiting their calorie intake and being picky-choosy with the kind of food they eat. Some of them exercise impulsively, purge via vomiting, laxatives and end up binge eating.Anorexia can affect people of all ages, gender, races and ethnicities. The disorder is more evident in people during their adolescent stage and also seen in many children and older adults too. Types of Anorexia Nervosa There are two common types of anorexia: Binge and Purge Type –In this type, the person will often...
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  10. Biomarker identification for prediction of diabetes

    Biomarker identification for prediction of diabetes

    Biomarkers are the naturally occurring biological molecules, which help in measuring some biological state or condition. These find application in screening or diagnosis of diabetes such as for glucose hemoglobin tests for type-2 diabetes. Simultaneously, treatment management also forms another application sphere. An ideal biomarker tends to improve the identification of those at risk of diabetes occurrence or advancement. Besides risk identification, it should also help refine complication prediction, and assist in treatment customization. For example, the standard and serial data on biomarkers arising from liver have unraveled the role of hepatic fat in the pathogenesis of...
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